Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 - Schedule II

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(see Rule 6)


Colour Coding

Type of Container and Waste Category

Treatment options as per Schedule I


Plastic bag Cat. 1, Cat. 2, and Cat. 3, Cat. 6.

Incineration/deep burial


Disinfected container/plastic bag Cat. 3, Cat. 6, Cat.7.

Autoclaving/Microwaving/ Chemical Treatment

Blue/White translucent

Plastic bag/puncture proof Cat. 4, Cat. 7. Container

Autoclaving/Microwaving/ Chemical Treatment and destruction/shredding


Plastic bag Cat. 5 and Cat. 9 and Cat. 10. (solid)

Disposal in secured landfill


1. Colour coding of waste categories with multiple treatment options as defined in Schedule I, shall be selected depending on treatment option chosen, which shall be as specified in Schedule I.

2. Waste collection bags for waste types needing incineration shall not be made of chlorinated plastics.

3. Categories 8 and 10 (liquid) do not require containers/bags.

4. Category 3 if disinfected locally need not be put in containers/bags.

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can you please guide me where should i approach in case of practising at interior place with no local authority support....what should i do in tht case?


Is each hospital or clinic stick to these rules? Is the public protected? Each hospital or clinic must have the yearly inspection certificate duly signed by the officer incharge of bio-waste management. violation must lead to closure of that hospital or clinic.


If the waste collection and treatment is to be handled by a private institution, then what are the rules or procedures to be followed including acquiring of land (how should the surroundings be)


Is it compulsary to keep the bio waste in freezers at the place of generation if the bio waste is taken from there to the disposal facility on daily bases?
If required tostore for more than 48 hours than what is the optimum tempreture at which it should be stored?
What is the optional treatment for needles and sharps to follw in stead of cutting or burning?


i m a student of hospital managent so its really important for me to know everything regarding this and i have also seen that nowdays hospitals r getting really srious regarding this.

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