Acetaminophen or Paracetamol
Acetaminophen or paracetamol helps to reduce fever and to relieve a headache with mild to moderate pain.
It is also used with other pain medications to treat low back pain, osteoarthritis, cold, and toothache.
Albuterol or salbutamol is a short-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonist, used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness caused by lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways.
It relaxes the smooth muscles in the airway, which allows air to flow in and out of the lungs more easily.
This medication is a benzodiazepine, prescribed for anxiety and panic disorders.
This medication is a tricyclic antidepressant, prescribed for depression. It is also prescribed for migraine and nerve pain.
This medication is a calcium channel blocker, prescribed for high blood pressure and chest pain. It widens blood vessels and improves blood flow by not making the heart pump harder.
This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Atenolol blocks beta-1 receptors, which are present on the heart. This prevents the action of nerve chemicals adrenaline and noradrenaline on the heart. As a result, heart beats at a slower rate and with lesser force, and thus pumps out lesser blood into blood vessels. This action of atenolol reduces blood pressure in the hypertensive patients. Since the heart treated with atenolol beat slowly and with less force, it uses lesser energy thus relieving pain in angina and also reduces the risk of heart attack.
This medication stimulates the brain; hence it is used as a central nervous stimulant. It is used along with analgesics and/or ergotamine for migraine (severe headaches with nausea). It is also used for a breathing condition (apnea) in premature infants.
This medication is a dietary supplement, prescribed for calcium deficiency state which may occur in diseases such as decreased levels of parathyroid hormone (acute and chronic), postmenopausal osteoporosis, rickets and osteomalacia (softening of the bones). It is also used as an antacid.
This medication is a first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, prescribed for susceptible infections.
This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic reactions.
Chloroquine is used for the treatment of Malaria, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus Erythematosus & COVID-19 Infection. Mechanism of action:
It acts by blocking the action of enzyme ‘heme polymerase’ in malarial parasites and this leads to accumulation of heme - which is toxic to the malarial parasite. This leads to the death of the malarial parasite. Update:
•FDA warns against the use of chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine for treating COVID-19 outside the hospital setting or a clinical trial due to high risk of heart rhythm issues.
• Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine gained attention in spite of sayings by the World Health Organization (WHO) that there is no definitive evidence they work for COVID-19 patients.
• Larger, high-quality randomized clinical trials may be needed in order to precisely evaluate its effectiveness, according to University of Oxford's Kome Gbinigie, author of a report on anti-malarial testing for Covid-19.
• More than 20 trials are being carried out on chloroquine for treating COVID-19 in the US, UK, Spain, and China.
This medication is a muscle relaxant, prescribed for muscle spasm and the resulting pain or discomfort. It is used in combination with physical therapy, analgesics (such as aspirin or acetaminophen), and rest.
Ciprofloxacin and Tinidazole
This combination medication contains antibacterial and antidiarrheal agents, prescribed for susceptible infections.
This medication is a macrolide antibiotic, prescribed infections of the middle ear, tonsillitis, throat infections, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and skin infections. It stops the growth of sensitive bacteria.
This medication is an antifungal agent, prescribed for skin infections such as athlete's foot, jock itch and ringworm. This medication inhibits fungal growth.
This medication is an antifungal, prescribed for local fungal infections. This medication prevents fungal growth on the skin.
This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic rhinitis.
Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prescribed to treat mild-to-moderate musculoskeletal pain.
It helps to relieve:
• Tenderness, stiffness, and inflammation due to osteoarthritis
, rheumatoid arthritis
, and ankylosing spondylitis
• Musculoskeletal pain due to sprains, strains or other causes.
headache and other types of headache.
• Painful menstrual cramps.
• Pre and post-operative pain.
• Pain due to kidney stones and gallstones.
Diclofenac works by blocking the effects of the cyclo-oxygenase enzyme thereby reducing the synthesis of prostaglandins, which are responsible for causing pain and inflammation.
This medication is an anticholinergic, prescribed for irritable bowel syndrome.
Diethyl Carbamazine Citrate
Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) is an antihelmintic drug which is prescribed to kill worms and treat the following diseases:
b)Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia
c)Loiasis for the treatment, as well as to prevent infection in visitors to endemic areas
• Though it is effective in river blindness (Onchocerciasis
), DEC is no longer preferred since it can cause a severe reaction called Mazzoti reaction, and ivermectin
is a much better choice
This medication is an antidopaminergic agent, used in treating nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal problems and Parkinson’s disease.
This medication is an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor, prescribed for high blood pressure either alone or with other medications. It is also used for heart failure.
This medication is a central nervous system stimulant, prescribed for breathing problems (as a bronchodilator) and for nasal congestion. It is also used for lowering blood pressure. The medication reduces swelling of blood vessels in the nasal passage and widens the air way thereby enhances easy breathing.
This medication is an antibiotic, prescribed for certain types of bacterial infections such as bronchitis, diphtheria, legionnaires' disease, pertussis etc.
This medication is an antibacterial agent, prescribed for tuberculosis (TB). It stops the growth of TB cells.
This medication is a histamine (H2-receptor antagonist), prescribed for ulcer.
This medication is an antibacterial agent, prescribed for giardiasis and cholera.
This medication is an oral hypoglycemic (anti-diabetic drug), prescribed for type 2 diabetes
This medication is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), prescribed for mild to moderate pain, inflammation and fever. This medication decreases the hormones that cause pain and inflammation in the body.
This medication is a chemical compound, prescribed for dry skin (Xerosis). The cream works by increasing the water content in the skin making the skin softer.
This medication is a potent nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor (nRTI), prescribed for HIV/AIDS, and hepatitis B either alone or with other medication.
This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic conditions.
This medication is an antacid, prescribed for hyperacidity. It is also used as a laxative.
This medication is a gastrointestinal stimulant and antinauseant, prescribed for heartburn and esophagitis due to GERD and for treating patients who have gastroparesis (partial paralysis of the stomach) and prevention of nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy.
This medication is a reverse transcriptase inhibitor, prescribed for HIV infection and AIDS. It inhibits the activity of reverse transcriptase enzyme and blocks the production of DNA and new viruses.
This medication is an antihyperlipidemic agent, prescribed for hyperlipidemia.
This medication is an antiamoebic agent, prescribed for amoebic dysentery.
Primaquine is prescribed to prevent relapses of malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax. It also helps to prevent the spread of falciparum malaria. It is not used alone but in combination with other antimalarial drug/drugs for these purposes. It may also be used to prevent malaria in travelers.
Primaquine is also used in combination with clindamycin
for treating pneumocystis pneumonia
(a fungal infection in lungs commonly seen in AIDS patients and patients taking immunity-suppressing drugs).
This medication is a antibacterial agent, prescribed for dermatophytosis, mycosis barbae, seborrhoeic dermatitis, infected eczema, furunculosis and pityriasis versicolor (athlete’s foot).
This medication is an antacid, antireflux agent and antiulcerant, prescribed for peptic ulcer.
This medication is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic, prescribed for respiratory tract, urinary and soft tissue infections.
This medication is a bronchodilator, prescribed for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
This medication is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, prescribed for community-acquired pneumonia, and chronic bronchitis.
Sulfadimidine is prescribed to treat urinary tract infections, prostatitis (infection of the prostate gland) and respiratory tract infections caused by bacteria.
It is capable of inhibiting the growth or reproduction of bacteria but not killing the bacteria.
It blocks the synthesis of bacterial dihydrofolic acid and therefore inhibits the growth of bacteria.
Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
This medication is a water-soluble vitamin of the B complex, prescribed for thiamine deficiency, beriberi and acute alcoholic intoxification.
This medication is an anti-parasitic, prescribed for trichomoniasis, giardiasis, bacterial vaginosis, and amebiasis.
This medication is an antiretroviral agent, prescribed for HIV/AIDS.
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