What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is one of the commonest joint disorders and occurs as we age due to wear and tear of a joint.
In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the joints is broken down. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement and prevents friction between bones; when this cartilage is lost, the bones rub together during movement. Over a period of time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.
Osteoarthritis can affect any joint of the body but it usually affects the weight-bearing joints i.e. hips and knees. Non-weight bearing joints like the shoulder, elbow, finger and ankle are less commonly affected by osteoarthritis.
Although osteoarthritis is more common in the elderly, it can also be seen in young people due to an abnormal wear and tear in joint structures following fracture, repeated dislocation of the joint, infections, obesity or hyperthyroidism.
Osteoarthritis causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in the affected joints.
Osteoarthritis cannot be cured. However, the pain can be managed and the joint function can be improved with the help of painkiller medicines, exercise, weight control, alternative therapies and surgery.
What is New in Osteoarthritis?
Geniculate artery embolization (GAE), a minimally invasive non-surgical treatment may help improve the quality of life of people with osteoarthritis. This can be done by reducing knee pain associated with osteoarthritis. Interventional radiologists perform GAE for knee pain by inserting catheters through a pinhole-sized incision, blocking the very small arteries or capillaries within the lining of the knee, reducing the inflammation caused by osteoarthritis.
Naproxen Drug, still a better pain reliever than other non surgical pain reducing options for osteoarthritis knee, finds a new study. It was ranked the most effective individual knee osteoarthritis treatment for improving both pain and function followed by cortisone injections, PRP Injections, ibuprofen and celecoxib.
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Dr. Trupti Shirole. 2021. Osteoarthritis - Causes, Symptoms, DIagnosis, Treatment, FAQs. Medindia, viewed Nov 26, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/osteoarthritis.htm.
Latest Publications and Research on Osteoarthritis
- Role of TLR2 and TLR4 in regulation of articular chondrocyte homeostasis. - Published by PubMed
- [A comparative analysis of the efficacy of Advance(®) medial pivot prosthesis knee arthroplasty with posterior cruciate ligament retention or substituting based on propensity score matching]. - Published by PubMed
- Prevalence and distribution of MRI abnormalities in the articular cartilage and supporting ligaments in patients with early clinical stage first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. - Published by PubMed
- Opening wedge high tibial osteotomy allows better outcomes than unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in patients expecting to return to impact sports. - Published by PubMed
- Elevated levels of soluble Endothelial protein C receptor in rheumatoid arthritis and block the therapeutic effect of protein C in collagen-induced arthritis. - Published by PubMed
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