In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the joints is broken down. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement and prevents friction between bones; when this cartilage is lost, the bones rub together during movement. Over a period of time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.
Osteoarthritis can affect any joint of the body but it usually affects the weight-bearing joints i.e. hips and knees. Non-weight bearing joints like the shoulder, elbow, finger and ankle are less commonly affected by osteoarthritis.
Although osteoarthritis is more common in the elderly, it can also be seen in young people due to an abnormal wear and tear in joint structures following fracture, repeated dislocation of the joint, infections, obesity or hyperthyroidism.
Osteoarthritis causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in the affected joints.
Osteoarthritis cannot be cured. However, the pain can be managed and the joint function can be improved with the help of painkiller medicines, exercise, weight control, alternative therapies and surgery.
What is New in Osteoarthritis?
1. New Non Surgical Method can Treat Knee Pain Resulting From OsteoarthritisGeniculate artery embolization (GAE), a minimally invasive non-surgical treatment may help improve the quality of life of people with osteoarthritis. This can be done by reducing knee pain associated with osteoarthritis. Interventional radiologists perform GAE for knee pain by inserting catheters through a pinhole-sized incision, blocking the very small arteries or capillaries within the lining of the knee, reducing the inflammation caused by osteoarthritis.Read More..
2. Naproxen Emerges a Winner In Relieving Osteoarthritis PainNaproxen Drug, still a better pain reliever than other non surgical pain reducing options for osteoarthritis knee, finds a new study. It was ranked the most effective individual knee osteoarthritis treatment for improving both pain and function followed by cortisone injections, PRP Injections, ibuprofen and celecoxib.Read More..
Latest Publications and Research on OsteoarthritisNormative Functional Outcomes as a New Outcome Assessment Tool Following Hip Procedures. - Published by PubMed
Comparison of Coronal Prosthetic Alignment After Total Knee Arthroplasty Using 3 Computer-Assisted Navigation Systems. - Published by PubMed
Identification of a novel, methylation-dependent, RUNX2 regulatory region associated with osteoarthritis risk. - Published by PubMed
Global Versus Momentary Osteoarthritis Pain and Emotional Distress: Emotional Intelligence as Moderator. - Published by PubMed
Septic Arthritis After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: How Important Is Graft Salvage? - Published by PubMed