Last Updated on Jun 22, 2020

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is one of the commonest joint disorders and occurs as we age due to wear and tear of a joint.


In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the joints is broken down. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement and prevents friction between bones; when this cartilage is lost, the bones rub together during movement. Over a period of time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.

Osteoarthritis can affect any joint of the body but it usually affects the weight-bearing joints i.e. hips and knees. Non-weight bearing joints like the shoulder, elbow, finger and ankle are less commonly affected by osteoarthritis.

Although osteoarthritis is more common in the elderly, it can also be seen in young people due to an abnormal wear and tear in joint structures following fracture, repeated dislocation of the joint, infections, obesity or hyperthyroidism.

Osteoarthritis causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in the affected joints.

Osteoarthritis cannot be cured. However, the pain can be managed and the joint function can be improved with the help of painkiller medicines, exercise, weight control, alternative therapies and surgery.

What is New in Osteoarthritis?

1. New Non Surgical Method can Treat Knee Pain Resulting From Osteoarthritis

Geniculate artery embolization (GAE), a minimally invasive non-surgical treatment may help improve the quality of life of people with osteoarthritis. This can be done by reducing knee pain associated with osteoarthritis. Interventional radiologists perform GAE for knee pain by inserting catheters through a pinhole-sized incision, blocking the very small arteries or capillaries within the lining of the knee, reducing the inflammation caused by osteoarthritis.

2. Naproxen Emerges a Winner In Relieving Osteoarthritis Pain

Naproxen Drug, still a better pain reliever than other non surgical pain reducing options for osteoarthritis knee, finds a new study. It was ranked the most effective individual knee osteoarthritis treatment for improving both pain and function followed by cortisone injections, PRP Injections, ibuprofen and celecoxib.

Latest Publications and Research on Osteoarthritis


CHAITANYAchakravarthi Wednesday, December 26, 2012

can any one post the drugs in pipeline for the oesteoarthritis

SARFARAZ.MODI Wednesday, September 23, 2009

static quadriceps
strengthening exercises for quadriceps and hamstrings.
hot modalities

narinderksingh Tuesday, September 22, 2009

my wife has osteoarthritis. where she can get best treatment

SARFARAZ.MODI Wednesday, September 23, 2009

tell her to approach a good physiotherapist.

anirudhsharma04 Thursday, February 19, 2009

dear sir's
my name is anirudh sharma. my mother has arthritis. what is the treatment of arthritis

guest Monday, October 12, 2009

If the xray shows that the bones are rubbing on each other then a joint replacement is the only option!

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