Radiomics, a field of study that systematically extracts patterns from CT scan images and then measures these patterns using artificial intelligence, has been found useful to predict patients' response to chemotherapy in lung cancer.
Gene therapy gives new hope for age-related blindness. Scientists were able to deliver the gene for a retinal opsin into the genome of ganglion cells using an adeno-associated viral vector. The blind ganglion cells were restored and became sensitive to light.
Tuberculosis preventive therapy (treating asymptomatic latent tuberculosis infection) is highly effective, especially in patients with HIV infection, and significantly reduces death rates. One-month combination treatment of isoniazid plus rifapentine had fewer side effects and patients were more likely to complete treatment and this regimen may be useful in ending the tuberculosis scourge.
Tramadol is an opioid or narcotic analgesic drug prescribed for treating moderate to severe pain such as post-operative pain, cancer pain, low back pain, pain and inflammation of the joints, pain due to serious injury, or severe dental pain.
Mycophenolate mofetil is an immunosuppressant agent prescribed for preventing the rejection of organ transplants such as kidney, heart, and liver. It is also recommended for treating systemic lupus erythematosus, crohn's disease, and psoriasis.
Doxycycline is prescribed for treating bacterial infections, respiratory tract infections, rickettsial infections, sexually transmitted infections, and ophthalmic infections. It is considered as an alternative drug of choice for actinomycosis and syphilis.