Novel nanostructures have been developed using new nanotechnology methods. Oxidative stress, which causes acute kidney injury (AKI), can be neutralized by these nanostructures. This can help in preventing AKI in healthy kidneys and treating AKI in diseased ones.
Ketamine is general anesthetic agent prescribed for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia for short procedures and for some diagnostic purposes. It is a prescription drug which induces a state usually referred to as dissociative anesthesia.
Cyclosporine or ciclosporin is an immunosuppressant agent prescribed to prevent rejection of organ transplants and treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, crohn's disease, nephrotic syndrome, bone marrow transplantation, and nummular keratitis.