Novel nanostructures have been developed using new nanotechnology methods. Oxidative stress, which causes acute kidney injury (AKI), can be neutralized by these nanostructures. This can help in preventing AKI in healthy kidneys and treating AKI in diseased ones.
Tramadol is an opioid or narcotic analgesic drug prescribed for treating moderate to severe pain such as post-operative pain, cancer pain, low back pain, pain and inflammation of the joints, pain due to serious injury, or severe dental pain.
Mycophenolate mofetil is an immunosuppressant agent prescribed for preventing the rejection of organ transplants such as kidney, heart, and liver. It is also recommended for treating systemic lupus erythematosus, crohn's disease, and psoriasis.