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Ephedrine - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Last Updated on August 11, 2022
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Information about Ephedrine

Generic Name : Ephedrine
Up-to-date prescription details regarding Ephedrine are provided here.
Pronunciation : e-FED-rin
Learn the correct pronunciation of the Ephedrine, understand it's uses, recommended dosages, its indications, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its and its storage instructions.
You will also find a list of the medication's International and Indian brand or trade names, as well as its pricing information. For verification of the information presented on this page or for additional clarifications, it's advisable to consult your doctor.
ICD Code : Y55.5 | Therapeutic Classification : Decongestants

Trade Names/Brand Names of Ephedrine

India : 


International : 


Why is Ephedrine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a central nervous system stimulant, prescribed for breathing problems (as a bronchodilator) and for nasal congestion. It is also used for lowering blood pressure. The medication reduces swelling of blood vessels in the nasal passage and widens the air way thereby enhances easy breathing.  

When should Ephedrine not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in people with adrenal gland tumor, abnormal fast heart rate, hypersensitivity and during breastfeeding.

What is the dosage of Ephedrine?

Adult: PO- Diabetic neuropathic edema- 30-60 mg 3 times/day.
IV- Reversal of spinal or epidural anesthesia-induced hypotension- As 3 mg/ml solution: 3-6 mg, up to 9 mg, may repeat every 3-4 minutes if needed.

How should Ephedrine be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider, with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Ephedrine?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart disease, overactive thyroid, diabetes, high blood pressure, increased eye pressure, kidney impairment, prostate enlargement, elderly, during pregnancy.

• It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

• If condition worsens, consult with your healthcare provider.

What are the side effects of Ephedrine?

  Most Common: Nervousness, sleeplessness, fainting, headache, fast heart rate, palpitations and sweating.
  Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite.
  Miscellaneous: Muscle spasm, difficulty and painful urination.

What are the other precautions for Ephedrine?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Ephedrine?

Store it at controlled room temperature (15-25°C).
Last Updated : August 11, 2022

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