However it may be heartening to know that the disease can be largely managed by a conscious change in a personís lifestyle which mainly comprises of regular exercises and healthy eating.
Regular exercising for 30 min/day, 5 times a week, is known to bring about a dramatic reduction in the glycemic level (even without weight loss) besides reducing visceral adipose tissues and plasma triglyceride levels.
However cholesterol levels can not be reduced or brought under control through exercises.
Individuals with pre diabetes exhibit the following:-
► Increased plasma glucose levels in the fasting state and after an oral glucose load (glucose intolerance)
► Overweight /Obesity especially due to a sedentary lifestyle
Modifying the risk factors through lifestyle- intervention programs, combined with the administration of drugs such as Metformin, plays a huge role in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes.
Lifestyle intervention programs to control type 2 diabetes are:-
Weight loss- This can be brought about by physical activity and a low fat, high fiber diet. Using Body mass index (BMI) can help to find out if a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight or obese. BMI is a measure of body weight in comparison to height.
BP and cholesterol control- BP and cholesterol must be controlled by regular exercising, proper diet and medications.
Stress management ĖStress may not directly bring about diabetes, but it has the ability to aggravate the risk in a predisposed person. Therefore stress must be always kept in check for a more healthy life.
Regular monitoring- Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is essential in controlling the disease.