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Alprazolam - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

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Information about Alprazolam

Generic Name : Alprazolam
Pronunciation : (al pray zoe iam)
Latest prescription information about Alprazolam. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y47.5 | Therapeutic Classification : Anxiolytics, Sedatives And Hypnotics

Trade Names/Brand Names of Alprazolam

India : 


International : 

Xanax, Xanax XR, Niravam

Why is Alprazolam Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a benzodiazepine, prescribed for anxiety and panic disorders. It reduces the nervous tension by slowing down the movement of chemicals in the brain


When should Alprazolam not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with increased eye pressure, who are taking itraconazole or ketoconazole and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Alprazolam?

The starting dose for treating anxiety is 0.25-0.5 mg, 3 times daily using immediate release tablets.
The dose may be increased every 3-4 days to a maximum dose of 4 mg daily.
The starting dose for treating panic attacks is 0.5 mg, 3 times daily. Doses can be increased every 3-4 days but by no more than 1 mg daily. The effective dose for preventing panic attacks may be as high as 6 mg daily.

How should Alprazolam be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Alprazolam?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of asthma or other respiratory diseases, kidney or liver impairment, depression, suicidal thoughts, alcohol addiction, increased eye pressure, who are taking other medications, any allergy, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

• It may decrease alertness and coordination. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery while taking this medication.

• Avoid alcohol consumption.

• Avoid grape fruit or grape fruit juice consumption while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of Alprazolam?

   Central Nervous System : Drowsiness, lightheadedness, depression, headache, confusion, sleeplessness, nervousness, fainting, dizziness and tiredness.
   Gastrointestinal : Dry mouth, constipation, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting and increased salivation.
   Heart : Fast heart rate and low blood pressure.
   Eye : Blurred vision.
   Musculoskeletal : Rigidity and tremor.
   Skin : Skin inflammation and allergy.
   Miscellaneous : Nose congestion and weight gain/loss.

What are the other precautions for Alprazolam?

Avoid abrupt withdrawal of this medication.
Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Alprazolam?

Store it at room temperature and in an airtight container. Keep away from light and children.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Learn more about Alprazolam's interaction with Food, Herbs and Alcohol

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Alprazolam works well to reduce anxiety, head ache and some muscle tension. But WARNING : Addiction comes fast and Withdrawal symptoms are long and horrible. They effect the mind [ thinking] and body (physically). A natural thing that I found helps to reduce the withdrawal symptoms is drinking Japanese Matcha green tea and moderate heavy exercise like moving lots of boxes until you feel a bit hot and sweating a little. Try it in different ways yourself and see if it helps you start to feel normal again. Good luck and much love from the USA!

proton, Russian Federation

Hello People, I am wondering, the prices for some of the medications are incredible. How can I find a doctor or a pharmacy that will allow me to purchase medications that are provided in the medication lists?

gulzar123, India

I have been taken all anti depression drugs mtioned in list like alprazolam etc but still im not fine plz advise me wt to do.

bloggz, Pakistan

Thanks for good info about dosage.

tilu09, India

dr has prescribed me trika plus but side effect described above all are suffering right now without taking medicine,please advice me it is good to take this medicine

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