Information about Alprazolam
Generic Name : Alprazolam
Pronunciation : (al pray zoe iam)
Latest prescription information about Alprazolam. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y47.5
Therapeutic Classification : Anxiolytics, Sedatives And Hypnotics
Trade Names/Brand Names of Alprazolam
Xanax, Xanax XR, Niravam
Why is Alprazolam Prescribed? (Indications)
This medication is a benzodiazepine, prescribed for anxiety and panic disorders. It reduces the nervous tension by slowing down the movement of chemicals in the brain
When should Alprazolam not be taken? (Contraindications)
Contraindicated in patients with increased eye pressure, who are taking itraconazole or ketoconazole and hypersensitivity.
What is the dosage of Alprazolam?
The starting dose for treating anxiety is 0.25-0.5 mg, 3 times daily using immediate release tablets.
The dose may be increased every 3-4 days to a maximum dose of 4 mg daily.
The starting dose for treating panic attacks is 0.5 mg, 3 times daily. Doses can be increased every 3-4 days but by no more than 1 mg daily. The effective dose for preventing panic attacks may be as high as 6 mg daily.
How should Alprazolam be taken?
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
What are the warnings and precautions for Alprazolam?
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of asthma or other respiratory diseases, kidney or liver impairment, depression, suicidal thoughts, alcohol addiction, increased eye pressure, who are taking other medications, any allergy, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• It may decrease alertness and coordination. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery while taking this medication.
• Avoid alcohol consumption.
• Avoid grape fruit or grape fruit juice consumption while taking this medication.
What are the side effects of Alprazolam?
• Central Nervous System :
Drowsiness, lightheadedness, depression, headache, confusion, sleeplessness, nervousness, fainting, dizziness and tiredness.
• Gastrointestinal :
Dry mouth, constipation, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting and increased salivation.
• Heart :
Fast heart rate and low blood pressure.
• Eye :
• Musculoskeletal :
Rigidity and tremor.
• Skin :
Skin inflammation and allergy.
• Miscellaneous :
Nose congestion and weight gain/loss.
What are the other precautions for Alprazolam?
Avoid abrupt withdrawal of this medication.
Avoid excess dosage.
What are the storage conditions for Alprazolam?
Store it at room temperature and in an airtight container. Keep away from light and children.
Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.