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Amlodipine - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Jul 29, 2013
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Information about Amlodipine

Generic Name : Amlodipine
Pronunciation : Ham-looh-dip-een
Latest prescription information about Amlodipine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y52.1 | Therapeutic Classification : Calcium Channel Blockers
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Amlodipine

India : 

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International : 

Norvasc, Amvaz, Aforbes, Aken, Amcard, Amlod, Amdipin, Amlodine, Amlodipine 5, Amlopine, Amlostin, Amlovasc , Istin, Amlosun, Lopin, Nelod, Perivasc and Nordip
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Why is Amlodipine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a calcium channel blocker, prescribed for high blood pressure and chest pain. It widens blood vessels and improves blood flow by not making the heart pump harder. It widens blood vessels and improves blood flow.

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When should Amlodipine not be taken? (Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Amlodipine?

Adults- PO- The usual initial dose is 5 mg once daily with a maximum dose of 10 mg once daily.
Children- 6 to 17 years- The effective dose is 2.5 mg to 5 mg once daily.

How should Amlodipine be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Amlodipine?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart failure or liver disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

Avoid alcohol consumption.

It should not be used in children less than 6 years old.

What are the side effects of Amlodipine?

   Most Common : Dizziness, palpitations, flushing and fluid retention.
   Heart : Abnormal heart rhythm, slow heart rate, chest pain, low blood pressure, poor blood circulation, fainting, fast heart rate and inflammation of blood vessels.
   Central Nervous System : Sensory loss, nerve disease, tingling, tremor, unsteadiness, sexual dysfunction (male1 and female), sleepless, nervousness, depression, abnormal dreams, anxiety and depersonalization.
   Gastrointestinal : Loss of appetite, constipation, indigestion, difficulty in swallowing, diarrhea, flatulence, inflammation of pancreas, vomiting and gum swelling.
   General : Allergic reactions, shock, weakness, back pain, hot flushes, uneasiness, pain, rigors, increased sweating, weight gain and weight loss.
   Musculoskeletal : Joint pain, muscle cramps and muscle pain.
   Respiratory : Difficulty in breathing and nose bleed.
   Skin : Redness of the skin, itching, increased sweating and rash.
   Eye and ENT : Abnormal vision, eye inflammation, blurred/double vision, eye pain and ringing in the ear.
   Genitourinary : Urinary frequency and night time urination.
   Metabolic : Dry mouth, increased sugar level and thirst.
   Blood : Bruising, decrease in white blood cells and platelets.

What are the other precautions for Amlodipine?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Amlodipine?

Store it at room temperature and in an airtight container.

Last Updated : Feb 2018
Learn more about Amlodipine's interaction with Food, Herbs and Alcohol



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Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

drsrauniyar1957, India

I am taking AMTAS-2.5 mg. daily for last 1 and 1/2 yr and my bp was well controlled. I a am 60 yrs. old now.For last few weeks my systolic bp is shooting up to 150-155 by evening but diastolic bp is under 80 mm. I had bilateral colles fracture some 5 months back and so my regular morning was affected and I feel I have gained 2 1/2 kg. wt. Should I increase the dose.

nisha20iip, India

my mom is taking Amlodipine 2.5 from Dr. Reddy, and she is having very serious giddiness. She doesn't feel comfortable at all to lye down on the bed. Can I ask for any other medicine for her BP control which will have less side effect like this.

T.N.Punjabi, India

I am taking Amlokind AT-5 for over two decades. I am 75 and retired from public undertaking. Now I am doing yogasnas and meditation. Very happy. Feel that my hypertension at middle age was result of my stressful life in office. Now I feel inclined to withdraw or reduce the drug intake because of sleeplessness and related factors. Can I?

drsuhail, India

CAN IT TAKEN IN COPD, ASTHMA PATIENTS

anup62, India

your drug is not available at mysore city

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