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Enalapril - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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Information about Enalapril

Generic Name : Enalapril
Pronunciation : e nal' a pril
Latest prescription information about Enalapril. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y52.4 | Therapeutic Classification : ACE Inhibitors
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Enalapril

India : 

More...

International : 

Vasotec
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Why is Enalapril Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor, prescribed for high blood pressure either alone or with other medications. It is also used for heart failure. It decreases certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels.
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When should Enalapril not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with history of angioedema due to previous treatment with ACE inhibitors, pregnancy, newborns and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Enalapril?

The recommended dose is 2.5 mg to 20mg per day, once or twice daily.

How should Enalapril be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Enalapril?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart or kidney disease, skin disorder, diabetes, cardiac muscle disease, poor blood circulation, dehydration, dialysis, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

It may cause vomiting or diarrhea which leads to dehydration; take enough fluids to avoid this problem.

Avoid exposure to sunlight; otherwise it may cause sunburn.

Patient may develop with increased risk of Dual Blockade of Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS).

What are the side effects of Enalapril?

   Body As A Whole : Fainting, chest pain, fatigue, abdominal pain and weakness.
   Heart : Low blood pressure, chest pain and heart attack.
   Gastrointestinal : Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
   Central nervous System Dizziness and headache.
   Respiratory Cough, asthma and difficulty in breathing.
   Skin Rash.
   Genitourinary Urinary tract infection.

What are the other precautions for Enalapril?

Monitor liver function, kidney function and complete blood cell counts regularly while taking this medication.

What are the storage conditions for Enalapril?

Store it at room temperature and protect it from moisture.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Learn more about Enalapril's interaction with Food, Herbs and Alcohol

Enalapril (Renitec): Drug Treats High Blood Pressure, Diabetic Kidney Disease, and Heart Failure




Enalapril : Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is Enalapril harmful to the liver?

A: Yes, enalapril is harmful to the liver. It may cause yellowing of the skin and an increase in liver enzymes, as well as severe liver damage (1 Trusted Source
Enalapril

Go to source
).

Q: Is it safe to take Enalapril for a long time?

A: Yes, since most people tolerate enalapril well, it can be taken for a long time. However, long-term use can have an impact on kidney function (2 Trusted Source
Acute and long-term effects of enalapril on the cardiovascular response to exercise and exercise tolerance in patients with congestive heart failure

Go to source
).

Q: Can Enalapril be taken on empty stomach?

A: Enalapril tablets or oral solution can be taken with or without food, but if vomiting occurs after dosing on an empty stomach, it is better to take it with food (3 Trusted Source
Enalapril

Go to source
).

Q: Is Enalapril safe to use in diabetic patients?

A: Enalapril may alter your blood sugar levels and mask the symptoms of low blood sugar. As a precaution, you should inform your doctor if you have diabetes before taking this medication (4 Trusted Source
Metabolic effects of hydrochlorothiazide and enalapril during treatment of the hypertensive diabetic patient. Enalapril for hypertensive diabetics

Go to source
).

Q: Can Enalapril cause dizziness?

A: Yes, enalapril can cause dizziness. It is not advisable to operate heavy machinery or drive a motor vehicle while taking this medication (3 Trusted Source
Enalapril

Go to source
).

  • 1. Enalapril - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK547936/ )
  • 2. Acute and long-term effects of enalapril on the cardiovascular response to exercise and exercise tolerance in patients with congestive heart failure - (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2989349/ )
  • 3. Enalapril - (https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a686022.html )
  • 4. Metabolic effects of hydrochlorothiazide and enalapril during treatment of the hypertensive diabetic patient. Enalapril for hypertensive diabetics - (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2847668/ )
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