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Cetirizine - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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Information about Cetirizine

Generic Name : Cetirizine
Pronunciation : Cet-ree-zine
Latest prescription information about Cetirizine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y55.5 | Therapeutic Classification : Antihistamines And Decongestants
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Cetirizine

India : 

More...

International : 

Aller-Tec, Alleroff, Zyrtec
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Why is Cetirizine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic reactions. It blocks the histamine action, which reduces allergy symptoms.

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When should Cetirizine not be taken? (Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Cetirizine?

Adult: PO- The recommended dose is 10 mg once daily.

How should Cetirizine be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Cetirizine?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.

• It may cause drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

• Avoid alcohol consumption.

What are the side effects of Cetirizine?

   Most Common : Headache, inflammation of pharynx, abdominal pain, cough, drowsiness, diarrhea, nosebleed, asthma, nausea and vomiting.
   Metabolic : Loss of appetite, flushing, increased salivation, urinary retention, dehydration, increased sugar, and thirst.
   Heart : Heart failure, high blood pressure, fast heart rate, and palpitations.
   Central Nervous System : Incoordination, confusion, slurred speech, leg cramps, tingling, fainting, paralysis, tremor, twitching, visual defect, abnormal thinking, agitation, memory loss, sleeplessness and nervousness.
   Gastrointestinal : Abnormal liver function, aggravated tooth caries, constipation, indigestion, flatulence, stomach inflammation, piles, increased appetite, blood in stool, rectal bleeding, mouth ulcer, tongue discoloration and tongue swelling.
   Genitourinary : Bladder inflammation, painful urination, blood in urine, urinary frequency, urinary incontinence, and urinary tract infection, painful menstrual period, irregular period, breast pain and vaginal inflammation.
   Eye and ENT : Deafness, ear pain, ear damage, ringing in the ear, taste perversion, blindness and increased eye pressure.
   Musculoskeletal : Muscle weakness/pain, joint inflammation and joint pain.
   Respiratory : Lung inflammation, difficulty in breathing, increased sputum, pneumonia, respiratory disorder and upper respiratory tract infection.
   Skin : Pimples, hair loss, skin inflammation, eruption, dry skin, redness, itching, and hives.
   Body as a Whole : Accidental injury, weakness, back pain, chest pain, enlarged abdomen, face swelling, fever, hot flashes, increased weight, leg swelling, uneasiness, swelling in the extremities and rigors.

What are the other precautions for Cetirizine?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Cetirizine?

Store it at room temperature (20-25°C).

Last Updated : Apr 2018
Learn more about Cetirizine's interaction with Alcohol

Cetirizine: Drug Used to Treat Cold and Several Allergic Symptoms




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Comments

balau289, India

Can anyone specify the effects on long term usage of the drug cetirizine

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