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Atenolol - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

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Information about Atenolol

Generic Name : Atenolol
Pronunciation : ah-TEN-oh-lol
Latest prescription information about Atenolol. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y51.7 | Therapeutic Classification : Beta- Adrenergic Blockers
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Atenolol

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Overview of Atenolol

Atenolol is used to treat hypertension and angina and in stable heart attack patients to prevent death.

Why is Atenolol Prescribed? (Indications)

Atenolol blocks beta-1 receptors, which are present on the heart. This prevents the action of nerve chemicals adrenaline and noradrenaline on the heart. As a result, heart beats at a slower rate and with lesser force, and thus pumps out lesser blood into blood vessels. This action of atenolol reduces blood pressure in the hypertensive patients. Since the heart treated with atenolol beat slowly and with less force, it uses lesser energy thus relieving pain in angina and also reduces the risk of heart attack.  
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When should Atenolol not be taken? (Contraindications)

Atenolol is absolutely contraindicated in the patients with the following conditions:
Clinical depression
Known allergy to the drug
Second or third degree heart block
Persistent low heart rate (bradycardia)
Poor blood circulation due to heart failure
Tumour of adrenal gland called pheochromocytoma
Pregnancy
Breast feeding mother

What is the dosage of Atenolol?

The dosage of the drug varies as per the medical condition.
In acute heart attack patient: Oral therapy with atenolol must be started once the patient is in a stable condition following the intravenous atenolol for acute heart attack. First oral dose (50 mg) must be given after 10 minutes of the last intravenous dose. Another 50 mg dose should be given after 12 hours. Then a 100 mg must be given once a day or 50 mg twice a day for 6 to 9 days or until discharge from the hospital.
For hypertension or angina: 50 mg once daily. Dose may be increased to 100 mg once daily after one-two weeks.

How should Atenolol be taken?

Take the tablet with water.
Taking the drug after meal is advisable to reduce chances of stomach upset. However, the drug can be taken empty stomach.
Never stop taking the drug without consulting your prescribing doctor. Abrupt cessation may cause severe health problems.

Missed a Dose?

Take the drug as soon as you remember.
Never take two doses together.
If it is less than 8 hours until the next dose, skip the missed dose.

What are the warnings and precautions for Atenolol?

Consult your doctor before any surgery or dental procedure. Atenolol may be required to be stopped before any such treatment.
The drug may block the symptoms of low blood glucose levels. Diabetic patients must take extra care while using this drug.
Atenolol interacts with many drugs. Make sure your doctor knows all the drugs you are taking before starting the treatment with atenolol.
Patient may develop an allergic reaction.

What are the side effects of Atenolol?

Heart- Slow heart rate, heart failure, low blood pressure.
Central Nervous System- Headache, fatigue, dizziness, hallucinations, confusion and sleep disturbances.
Gastrointestinal - Diarrhea and nausea.
Respiratory - Wheezing and shortness of breath.
Others: Lack of sexual drive, impotence, and erectile dysfunction.

What are the other precautions for Atenolol?

The drug should be used with extreme precaution if the patient is having any of these conditions:
Occasional numbness and tingling in the fingers.
Asthma.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Diabetes, since it may mask the effects of low blood sugar levels.
Hyperthyroidism, or high thyroid hormone levels.
Kidney function problems, since the drug is eliminated from the body in the urine
Liver function problems.
Skin condition called psoriasis.
Muscle weakness known as myasthenia gravis.
Regular blood pressure and blood sugar monitoring are recommended in the patient taking atenolol and also having any of the above conditions.

What are the Drug Interactions of Atenolol?

Atenolol should be avoided with:
Other beta blockers due to additive effects.
Other drugs that can slow down the heart like verapamil, digitalis, amiodarone and diltiazem.
Drugs used in the treatment of asthma due to opposite effects on the bronchi.
Antidiabetes medications since atenolol can block the signs of hypoglycemia.
Drugs that act on alpha receptors. Along with alpha agonists like ephedrine, it can produce excessive rise in blood pressure, while with alpha blockers like prazosin, it can result in excess fall in blood pressure.
NSAIDs like ibuprofen and naproxen, which may block the effect of atenolol on blood pressure.
Anticholinesterase drugs used in Alzheimer's disease like rivastigmine due to additive effect on the heart and blood pressure.
Drugs that lower blood pressure and increase potassium levels like chlorthiazide.
Other drugs that may lower blood pressure like antihypertensive medications, aldesleukin, and barbiturates.

What are the storage conditions for Atenolol?

Store the drug in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Keep out of the reach of children.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Learn more about Atenolol's interaction with Food, Herbs and Alcohol



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Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

kamaran70, Iraq

i have been taking novaten for more than 4 years but i have allergy also i am taking lortadin daily for my allergy,it is any risk or side effect for that.thanks, kamaran

gamatchem, Niger

how can i read this page in french

harnimedical, India

i am pharmacist , i have a question that can prolonged use of atenolol 100 mg decrease the sexual desire?or may it affect on natural sexual activity of man and woman?

MANSIMEDICALS, India

why all anti-hypertensive oral drug suggested to be taken after food

sbsbhatia, India

what are the side effect for taking losarton pottassium and atenlol for longer period. Please advise what precautions to be taken.



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