Family Planning Programme In India - 2011

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Family Planning Programme

India launched a nation wide Family Planning Programme in 1952, which was later, expanded to cover maternal and child health, family welfare and nutrition.

Commonly practiced Family Planning methods include birth control pills, condoms, sterilization and IUD (Intrauterine device).

The efforts of the Government in implementing the Family Planning Programme have significant impact in the country.

Impact Of Family Welfare Activities

Various family welfare activities have gone a long way in enlightening the people about contraception and its merits.

  • Nearly 98% of women and 99% of men in the age group of 15 and 49 have a good knowledge about one or more methods of contraception. Adolescents seem to be well aware of the modern methods of contraception.

  • Over 97% of women and 95% of men are knowledgeable about female sterilization, which is the most popular modern permanent method of family planning. While only 79% of women and 80% of men have heard about male sterilization.

  • 93% of men have awareness about the usage of condoms while only 74% of women are aware of the same.

  • Around 80% of men and women have a fair knowledge about contraceptive pills.

Family Planning Performance

The year 2010-11 ended with 34.9 million family planning acceptors at national level comprising of 5.0 million Sterilizations, 5.6 million IUD insertions, 16.0 million condom users and 8.3 million O.P. users as against 35.6 million family planning acceptors in 2009-10.

Over the decades, there has been a substantial increase in contraceptive use in India. The direction, emphasis and strategies of the Family Welfare Programme have changed over time.

IUD Insertions: During the year 2010-11, 5.6 million IUD insertions were reported as against 5.7 million in 2009-10. Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Delhi, Goa, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, D&N Haveli reported better performance in 2010-11 than in 2009-10.

Condom Users and O.P. Users: Based on the distribution figures reported, there were 16.0 million equivalent users of Condoms and 83.07 million equivalent users of Oral Pills during 2010-11.

Number of Births Prevented: Implementation of various Family Planning measures prevented 16.335 million births in the country during 2010-11 as compared to 16.605 million in 2009-10. The cumulative total of births avoided in the country up to 2010-11 was 442.75 million.

Source: Family Welfare Statistics in India - 2011 & CensusIndia.gov

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