Written by Bina Naik | 
Medically Reviewed by dr. reeja tharu / dr. sunil shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Dec 14, 2019


Self-Monitoring Of Blood Glucose (SMBG) is one of the greatest advancements that has taken place in the management of Diabetes.

The cost of treating diabetes in the United States reached $132 billion in the year 2002. In India the incidence of diabetes over the last decade has risen significantly. The two great advancements in the management of 'Diabetes Mellitus' in the last hundred years have been the discovery of insulin in 1922, and the development of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) levels in 1978.

The current advancement has made self-monitoring very simple and fairly accurate. SMBG makes it simple for patients to get an FBG (fasting blood glucose) or PPBG (post prandial blood glucose) checked at home without the need to visit a laboratory or visit a diabetologist to get their medications altered.

Blood testing for sugar (carbohydrate in food gets converted to glucose in the blood) is a more direct and accurate method of checking the level of glucose in the body. Sugars can also be checked in the urine but this is an indirect method and does not accurately reflect the control of sugar in the body.

Diabetes wallet card
Click Here to Download "Diabetes Wallet Card"


  1. Self-monitoring Blood Glucose (SMBG): Now and the Future -Amber L. Briggs,Journal of Pharmacy Practice, Vol. 17, No. 1, 29-38 (2004)
  2. Heagarty, Margaret C. Life-style change: a difficult challenge. Pediatrics. 1976; 58:314-5.

Latest Publications and Research on Diabetes - Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG)


chams Sunday, August 26, 2012

my blood sugar level was 78fasting,and 157 on pp.but after taking glimpride and metformin it came too 80 fasting and 104 on pp.can i control my sugar level with healty lifestyle and cotroled diet?

rjames Friday, May 11, 2012

after lunch I often work in the yard for l to 2 hrs and take my test when I come in. Does moving around after a meal increase the sugar in my blood more than sitting for the 2 hours?

mouna Thursday, May 17, 2012

any physical activity you perform will contribute to lowering your blood sugar level.

tafitz08 Friday, March 2, 2012

Where can I find a blank chart I can print off to keep track of my sugar levels?

naving Sunday, November 20, 2011

my blood sugar level before meal is below 100. do i have to chech post meal reading after 2 hrs to know whether i have diabetics or not. navin

michelledale Friday, February 12, 2010

Can anyone please tell me what are the normal sugar levels in a type 2 diabetes, as my husband and I are having problems monitoring him.

guest Monday, August 9, 2010

When Target levels
Before meals 70 to 140
1 to 2 hours after the start of a meal below 180

you have to monitor BG level frequently.

Have you using Blood Glucose Meter for Monitoring?

Rajesh Kumar

Do you wish to consult Diabetologist for your problem? Ask your question

Most Popular on Medindia