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Ivermectin - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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General Information on Ivermectin

Generic Name : Ivermectin
Pronunciation : EYE-ver-MEK-tin
Latest prescription information about Ivermectin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y41.4 | Therapeutic Classification : Antihelmintics
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Overview of Ivermectin

Ivermectin is indicated for treating Strongyloidiasis of the intestinal tract caused by the parasite named Strongyloides stercoralis. It is also used for Onchocerciasis or River blindness caused by the parasite named Onchocerca volvulus Scabies caused by the mite named Sarcoptes.

Why is Ivermectin Prescribed? (Indications)

Ivermectin is an anthelminthic drug used to treat certain parasitic infections like Strongyloidiasis and Onchocerciasis. It has recently gained attention due to increased usage in COVID-19.  

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When should Ivermectin not be taken? (Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients in ivermectin

What is the dosage of Ivermectin?

It is administered as a single oral dose therapy.
Strongyloidiasis- The recommended dose is 200mcg/kg/ body weight.
Onchocerciasis - The recommended dose is 150mcg/kg body weight.

How should Ivermectin be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, as a single dose on an empty stomach with a full glass of water.

What are the warnings and precautions for Ivermectin?

Caution is required in patients with a history of Asthma or a weakened immune system, any infection, any allergy, who are taking other medications During pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery and get up slowly from bed while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Stool examinations may be performed while taking this medication.
Patients who have other parasite infections may develop with increased risk of a serious brain problem with unusual back pain, eye bleeding, shortness of breath, failure to control bladder or bowel, trouble walking or standing, mental changes. If it is so, consult with your doctor immediately.

What are the side effects of Ivermectin?

   Body as a Whole : Weakness/fatigue and abdominal pain.
   Gastrointestinal : Loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
   Central Nervous System : Dizziness, drowsiness, unsteadiness and tremor.
   Skin : Itching, rash and hives.

What are the other precautions for Ivermectin?

Avoid excess dosage

What are the Drug Interactions of Ivermectin?

Ivermectin can interact with the following drugs in various extents: Warfarin

What are the storage conditions for Ivermectin?

Store it at room temperature (25-30C).

Last Updated : 30-09-2021



Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Nephie, Malawi

Is ivermectin a substitute of diethylcarbamazine [DEC] in treating Lymphatic Filariasis or which medication is latest. Needs urgent answer now.

aceeyes, India

the recommonded dose is 200microgram/kg.It is wrongly given in your website,this dose is extremely high.

Dr Mahesh, India

Yeah,true its not complete information...I found some cure against pruritis ani in some patients..I think its active against so called pin-worms which causes pruritis ani...do want to know details of bleeding tendencies,brain interaction of drug...kindly do let me know..appreciate if it is evidence based medicine.Thank you all.

Raju Das, India

It is not enough information about ivermectin. I need more information, how it work in case of Pediculosis. Is there any latest information come now a days.

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