What are Kidney Stones?
It is formed in the kidneys from dietary minerals in the urine. Normally, urine contains chemicals that prevent the crystals from forming. These inhibitors do not work for everyone and therefore some people form stones. If the crystals remain tiny, they travel through the urinary tract and pass out of the body via urine without causing any symptoms.
Kidney stones are typically classified by their location or chemical composition.
Kidney stones by location:
- In the kidney (Nephrolithiasis)
- Ureter (Ureterolithiasis)
- Bladder (Cystolithiasis)
- Uric acid
- Other compounds
Diagnosis is made on the basis of history, physical examination, urinalysis, and radiographic studies.
Treatment depends on the type of stone and severity of the symptoms. 98% of small stones pass through urination. Pain control medications and, in some cases, medications to facilitate the passage of urine are prescribed. If required, lithotripsy or surgical techniques may be used for removal of stones, which do not pass through the ureter to the bladder on their own.
Kidney stones develop again, especially if the cause is not found and treated. Drinking plenty of water each day may prevent a recurrence.
Latest Publications and Research on Kidney StonesTreatment of idiopathic hypercalciuria and its impact on associated diseases. - Published by PubMed
Focused Ultrasound to Expel Calculi from the Kidney: Safety and Efficacy of a Clinical Prototype Device. - Published by PubMed
Treatment of pediatric renal stones in a Western country: A changing pattern. - Published by PubMed
Combined percutaneous and transurethral lithotripsy for forgotten ureteral stents with giant encrustation. - Published by PubMed
Are simple renal cysts in childhood associated with kidney stones? - Published by PubMed