- World Population Day
2016 theme - Investing in Teenage Girls
- Inspired by the
public interest in Five-Billion-Day in July 11, 1987
of girls and elimination of malpractices - Aim of World Population Day 2016
Day 2016 aims to focus on "Investing in Teenage Girls"
. The theme highlights challenges such as early marriage, early motherhood, reproductive
rights and adolescent pregnancy. The initiative by The United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA) began in 1989 with the objective to focus on the
importance of family planning, poverty, maternal health, gender equality and
In many communities
around the world, teenage girls are considered to be ready for marriage and
motherhood as soon as they attain puberty
. They are
forced to stop further studies and are denied their rights and prospects.
‘Girls can bring about positive change in their communities when they know their rights and are empowered to make informed choices about their marriage and pregnancy.’
continue their schooling and are further educated about their health and reproductive rights face
other issues like malnutrition
, illness and exploitation. These kinds of
challenges are the focus of World Population
UNFPA has aimed
to end child marriage, minimize adolescent pregnancy and work towards women
empowerment. Educating the teenage girls about the following aspects, form the main agenda of the theme "Investing in Teenage Girls".
bring about positive change in their communities when they know their rights
and are empowered to make informed choices about their marriage and pregnancy.
- Human rights
- Health issues related to pregnancy
of teenage pregnancy
- Importance of nutrition
The change is facilitated by giving them tools to help them stand
up to the communities.
Health risks for
a baby born to a teenage mother include:
- Premature birth
- Deficiency diseases
like asphyxia and forceps delivery during birth
- Sexually transmitted diseases that may be passed
from the mother to the baby
Health risks for
the teenage mother include:
- Lack of prenatal care
- Postpartum hemorrhage
- Postpartum depression
- The most important causes of teenage
pregnancy are early marriage, exploitation and poverty.
year, about 3 million girls worldwide resort to unsafe abortions that pose a
risk to their health and lives.
- Teenage pregnancy and
childbirth are the second leading cause of death among girls aged 15-19 years,
- In 2014, about 25000 babies born belonged to
mothers aged 15 to 19 years of age.
- There has been a
steady decrease in teenage pregnancy from 1991 to 2014 due to the reduction in
sexual activity or by using birth control methods.
women living in foster care are more likely to become pregnant than those not
in foster care.
- The highest teen pregnancy rate in the
industrialized world is in The United States.
have helped 11.2 million girls between ages 10 and 19, in 2015 alone. The girls
have gained access to sexual and reproductive health services and information.
UNFPA works with governments, civil society and other organizations to promote
access to information, counseling and services to young people across the
world. UNFPA recommends the integration of comprehensive sexuality education
into the school curriculum across the world.
UNFPA has spread
its wings across the world to:
- Promote access to sexual and
- Promote gender equality across schools,
villages and countries.
- Access to reproductive health and
- Strengthening health systems
- Educating teenagers about sexual and reproductive health
UNFPA also aims
- Child marriage
- Female genital mutilation
that violate girls' rights
- Practices that perpetuate
- Gender-based violence
- 2016 Theme: Investing in teenage girl - (http://www.un.org/en/events/populationday/)
- World Population Day - (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Population_Day)
- Population Day - (http://www.unfpa.org/events/world-population-day)
- Teen Pregnancy - (http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/index.htm)