About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Coronary Artery Calcium Among Younger Adults Increases Heart Disease Risk

Font : A-A+

Highlights
  • Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a non-invasive measure of coronary artery disease.
  • CAC increased the risk of fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease events by 5-fold in adults.
  • It was unknown if the presence of CAC by midlife increases the risk of CHD clinical events during the next decade.
  • The finding emphasizes the need for reduction of risk factors and primordial prevention beginning in early life.

Coronary Artery Calcium Among Younger Adults Increases Heart Disease Risk

The presence of calcium in the coronary artery increased the risk of fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease events by 5-fold in adults aged 32 - 46 years.

Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a non-invasive measure of coronary artery disease that is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in middle and older age. It is usually measured by non-contrast cardiac computed tomographic (CT) scan.

Advertisement


The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study previously reported that nonoptimal levels of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors at an average age of 25 years were associated with prevalent CAC measured 15 years later at an average age of 40 years. It is unknown if the presence of CAC by midlife increases the risk of CHD clinical events during the next decade in this younger population.

John Jeffrey Carr, M.D., M.Sc., of the Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn., and colleagues conducted follow-up of CARDIA participants who had CAC measured 15, 20, and 25 years after entering the study. At year 15 of the study among 3,043 participants (average age, 40 years), 10 percent had CAC.
Advertisement

Participants were followed up for 12.5 years, with 57 incident CHD events (fatal or nonfatal heart attack, acute coronary syndrome without heart attack, coronary revascularization, or CHD death) and 108 incident CVD events (CHD, stroke, heart failure, and peripheral arterial disease) observed.

After adjusting for demographics, risk factors and treatments, those with any CAC experienced a 5-fold increase in CHD events and 3-fold increase in CVD events.

"Whether any kind of general screening for CAC is warranted needs further study, although we suggest that a strategy in which all individuals aged 32 to 46 years are screened is not indicated. Rather, a more targeted approach based on measuring risk factors in early adult life to predict individuals at high risk for developing CAC in whom the CT scan would have the greatest value can be considered."

The finding emphasizes the need for reduction of risk factors and primordial prevention beginning in early life.

Reference
  1. John Jeffrey Carr et al., Presence of coronary artery calcium among younger adults associated with increased risk of fatal heart, JAMA Cardiology (2017).


Source: Medindia

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Julia Samuel. (2017, February 10). Coronary Artery Calcium Among Younger Adults Increases Heart Disease Risk. Medindia. Retrieved on Sep 26, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/coronary-artery-calcium-among-younger-adults-increases-heart-disease-risk-167696-1.htm.

  • MLA

    Julia Samuel. "Coronary Artery Calcium Among Younger Adults Increases Heart Disease Risk". Medindia. Sep 26, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/coronary-artery-calcium-among-younger-adults-increases-heart-disease-risk-167696-1.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Julia Samuel. "Coronary Artery Calcium Among Younger Adults Increases Heart Disease Risk". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/coronary-artery-calcium-among-younger-adults-increases-heart-disease-risk-167696-1.htm. (accessed Sep 26, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Julia Samuel. 2021. Coronary Artery Calcium Among Younger Adults Increases Heart Disease Risk. Medindia, viewed Sep 26, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/coronary-artery-calcium-among-younger-adults-increases-heart-disease-risk-167696-1.htm.

Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
What's New on Medindia
H1N1 Influenza Prevention in Children: What Parents Need to Know
Dietary Factors Responsible for Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) Production and Hair Loss
Test Your Knowledge About Chromosomes?
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
Date
Category
Advertisement
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Calcium and Vitamin Supplements Osteoporosis Cardiac Catheterization Heart Attack Air travel: To fly or not to fly Diet Lifestyle and Heart Disease Body Mass Index Diet for Kidney stones Silent Killer Diseases Heart 

Most Popular on Medindia

Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Drug - Food Interactions How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) Hearing Loss Calculator Blood Pressure Calculator Selfie Addiction Calculator Sinopril (2mg) (Lacidipine) Diaphragmatic Hernia
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
×

Coronary Artery Calcium Among Younger Adults Increases Heart Disease Risk Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests