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Propranolol - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Last Updated on May 11, 2020
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Information about Propranolol

Generic Name : Propranolol
Pronunciation : proe pran' oh lole
Latest prescription information about Propranolol. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y51.7 | Therapeutic Classification : Beta- Adrenergic Blockers
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Propranolol

India : 

More...

International : 

Inderal, Inderal LA, InnoPran, InnoPran XL, Pronol
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Why is Propranolol Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a beta-blocker, prescribed for high blood pressure and chest pain. It is also used to prevent migraine headaches and recurrence of heart attacks.  It works by relaxing blood vessels.

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When should Propranolol not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with shock due to heart problems, heart failure, asthma, and very low blood pressure, children with congenital heart disease, asthma and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Propranolol?

Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 80-240 mg twice daily. The maximum dose is 640 mg daily.

How should Propranolol be taken?

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, on an empty stomach.
It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.

What are the warnings and precautions for Propranolol?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart, lung, liver or kidney disease, poor blood circulation, breathing problems, sugar, low blood sugar, overactive thyroid, increased eye pressure, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, or vision changes, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

Avoid alcohol consumption.

It may affect blood sugar level; monitor sugar level regularly while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of Propranolol?

   Heart : Slow heart rate, heart failure, low blood pressure, tingling of hands and bruising.
   Central Nervous System : Lightheadedness, mental depression, sleeplessness, weakness, fatigue, visual disturbances, hallucinations, vivid dreams, memory loss, emotional lability, fatigue, lethargy and vivid dreams.
   Gastrointestinal : Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, abdominal cramping, diarrhea and constipation.
   Allergic reactions : Shock, rash, fever combined with pain and sore throat and respiratory distress.
   Respiratory : Asthma.
   Blood : Bruising, decrease in white blood cells and platelets.
   Skin : Skin inflammation, rash, hives, hair loss and redness of the skin.
   Genitourinary : Male impotence and peyronie's disease (penis in duration).

What are the other precautions for Propranolol?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Propranolol?

Store it at controlled room temperature (20 to 25 C).


Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Learn more about Propranolol's interaction with Food, Herbs, Alcohol and Caffeine



Propranolol : Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can propranolol improve mood?

A: Propranolol does not improve mood; it has adverse effects on mood like mood changes, depression, and tension. It can also affect norepinephrine and epinephrine, two hormones linked to memory function, which can result in problems with memory (1 Trusted Source
Acute effects of beta blockade and exercise on mood and anxiety

Go to source
).

Q: What happens if propranolol is suddenly discontinued?

A: Stopping propranolol suddenly can cause serious side effects like sweating, shaking, an irregular heartbeat, or chest pain. It is better to consult a healthcare professional if you experience any of the symptoms (2 Trusted Source
Propranolol

Go to source
).

Q: How long does propranolol take to start working?

A: Propranolol when taken for high blood pressure may take up to a week to reach its full effect. For migraines, it can take several weeks to start making a real difference, so it is important to keep taking them (3 Trusted Source
Treatment of hypertension with propranolol

Go to source
).

Q: When is the best time of day to take propranolol?

A: Propranolol is available as a tablet, solution, and extended-release capsule. The extended-release capsules should be taken at bedtime, with or without food. The tablets or solution may be taken two, three, or four times a day (2 Trusted Source
Propranolol

Go to source
).

Q: Does propranolol cause hair loss?

A: Propranolol is one of several beta-blockers that can cause hair loss due to its direct toxic effect on hair follicles; however, cases have been rare. The hair loss from propranolol is not permanent (4 Trusted Source
Tremor Drugs in the Crosshairs

Go to source
).

Medindia adheres to strict ethical publishing standards to provide accurate, relevant, and current health content. We source our material from reputable places such as peer-reviewed journals, academic institutions, research bodies, medical associations, and occasionally, non-profit organizations. We welcome and value audience feedback as a part of our commitment to health literacy and informed decision-making.
  • 1. Acute effects of beta blockade and exercise on mood and anxiety - (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8889119/ )
  • 2. Propranolol - (https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a682607.html )
  • 3. Treatment of hypertension with propranolol - (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/5761914/ )
  • 4. Tremor Drugs in the Crosshairs - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8621997/ )
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