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General Information on Propranolol

Generic Name : Propranolol

Pronunciation : proe pran' oh lole

Latest prescription information about Propranolol. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y51.7 | Therapeutic Classification : Beta- Adrenergic Blockers

Why is Propranolol Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a beta-blocker, prescribed for high blood pressure and chest pain. It is also used to prevent migraine headaches and recurrence of heart attacks.  It works by relaxing blood vessels.

When should Propranolol not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with shock due to heart problems, heart failure, asthma, and very low blood pressure, children with congenital heart disease, asthma and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Propranolol?

Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 80-240 mg twice daily. The maximum dose is 640 mg daily.

How should Propranolol be taken?

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, on an empty stomach.
It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.

What are the warnings and precautions for Propranolol?

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart, lung, liver or kidney disease, poor blood circulation, breathing problems, sugar, low blood sugar, overactive thyroid, increased eye pressure, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, or vision changes, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

Avoid alcohol consumption.

It may affect blood sugar level; monitor sugar level regularly while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of Propranolol?

   Heart : Slow heart rate, heart failure, low blood pressure, tingling of hands and bruising.
   Central Nervous System : Lightheadedness, mental depression, sleeplessness, weakness, fatigue, visual disturbances, hallucinations, vivid dreams, memory loss, emotional lability, fatigue, lethargy and vivid dreams.
   Gastrointestinal : Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, abdominal cramping, diarrhea and constipation.
   Allergic reactions : Shock, rash, fever combined with pain and sore throat and respiratory distress.
   Respiratory : Asthma.
   Blood : Bruising, decrease in white blood cells and platelets.
   Skin : Skin inflammation, rash, hives, hair loss and redness of the skin.
   Genitourinary : Male impotence and peyronie's disease (penis in duration).

What are the other precautions for Propranolol?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Propranolol?

Store it at controlled room temperature (20 to 25 C).

Schedule : H

Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

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