This medication stimulates the production of white blood cells. It is prescribed for neutropenia. It is also used to decrease the incidence of infection in cancer patients who are under chemotherapy treatment or a bone marrow transplant. It may be given to cancer patients prior to chemotherapy, following which the white blood cells are collected. These are then given back into the patient after chemotherapy so that the white blood cell count comes back to normal.
Adult: SC/IV: The recommended dose is 5 to 10 mcg/kg/day for 4-7 days.
It comes as a solution for injection, administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or under the skin.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of blood cancer, sickle-cell disease; bone disease, withdraw treatment if there are signs of pulmonary infiltrate, fluid retention or heart failure, pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• Monitor complete blood count, bone density in patients with osteoporosis (long-term treatment).
• Regular examination of structure and functions of bone-marrow cells should be done in severe congenital neutropenia.
• Most Common:
Mild to moderate bone and muscle pain and allergic reaction.
• Central Nervous System: Dizziness, fatigue and headache.
• Skin: Rash, hair loss, inflammation of blood vessels in the skin, Sweet's syndrome, redness or swelling at the site of injection.
• Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting, mouth ulcer, constipation, loss of appetite, sore throat and diarrhea.
• Respiratory: Shortness of breath, trouble breathing and wheezing.
• ENT: Nosebleed.
♦ • Musculoskeletal: Decreased bone density.
• Potentially Fatal: Pulmonary infiltrates leading to respiratory failure or acute respiratory distress syndrome and rupture of the spleen.
Do not stop this medication without your healthcare provider's advice.
Injection: Refrigerate at 2-8Â°C. Do not freeze. Keep this medication in an airtight container, and out of reach of children.
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