Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection which can happen anywhere along the urinary tract.
The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Depending upon the part that is infected, UTI’s are classified as -
- infection in the bladder Pyelonephritis
- infection of one or both kidneys Urethritis
- infection of the urethra, tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside
Urinary tract infection is the second most common type of infection in the body. Owing to the female anatomy, women are more commonly affected by UTI than men
. Shorter urethra and proximity of the urethral opening to the anus and vagina (sources of bacteria) make women more prone to UTI.
UTI's are caused by microbes, including fungi, viruses and bacteria. However, bacteria are the most common cause of UTI.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection include painful and frequent urination, fever and flank pain. UTI is treated with antibiotics.