Autism is a developmental disorder that typically appears during the first three years of life. It affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills.
Autism results due to a neurological disorder that affects the normal brain function. There is no known cause for autism.
As compared to a normal child, autistic children do not reach the developmental milestones like crawling, walking, saying the first word etc. on time. Autistic children are not slow learners or of a lesser IQ or suffer from mental retardation. Instead, they are very special children who have difficulty in communication and social interaction. They often come across as those who remain engrossed with restricted and repetitive behavior patterns. No two people with autism will have exactly the same symptoms. Therefore, health care providers think of autism as a ‘spectrum’ disorder.
Autism lasts for lifetime. There is no cure, but there are quite a few treatment options available for autistic children. Treatments include behavior and communication therapies and medicines to control symptoms. Early treatment can be beneficial to autistic children and help them lead a better life.