Autism is a developmental disorder that typically appears
during the first three years of life. It affects the brain's normal development
of social and communication skills.
results due to a neurological disorder
that affects the normal brain function
. There is no known cause
compared to a normal child, autistic children do not reach the developmental
milestones like crawling, walking, saying the first word etc. on time. Autistic
children are not slow learners or of a lesser IQ or suffer from mental
retardation. Instead, they are very special children who have difficulty in communication and social
. They often come across as those who remain engrossed with restricted and repetitive behavior
patterns. No two people with autism will have exactly the same symptoms.
Therefore, health care providers think of autism as a ‘spectrum’ disorder
Autism lasts for lifetime. There is no cure
, but there are quite a few
treatment options available for autistic children. Treatments include behavior and communication therapies
and medicines to control symptoms. Early treatment can be beneficial to
autistic children and help them lead a better life.