High Blood Pressure
Nicotine in the cigarette causes constriction of blood vessels which increases blood pressure resulting in hypertension.
Smoking causes an acute increase plasma ACTH, cortisol, aldosterone, and catecholamine levels which can in turn lead to indirect elevation of blood pressure.
Each time a cigarette is smoked there is an acute rise in blood pressure. Further more studies have shown that smoking interferes with the metabolism of multiple anti-hypertensive medications.
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Dr. Trupti Shirole. (2016, August 18). Health Hazards of Smoking: High Blood Pressure. Medindia. Retrieved on May 27, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/smoking_hazards_bp.htm.
Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Health Hazards of Smoking: High Blood Pressure". Medindia. May 27, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/smoking_hazards_bp.htm>.
Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Health Hazards of Smoking: High Blood Pressure". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/smoking_hazards_bp.htm. (accessed May 27, 2022).
Dr. Trupti Shirole. 2021. Health Hazards of Smoking: High Blood Pressure. Medindia, viewed May 27, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/smoking_hazards_bp.htm.