Pregnancy And Diet / Diet During Pregnancy

Dr. Trupti Shirole
Article Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Oct 14, 2016
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Pregnancy is the most beautiful phase ina woman's life. It brings about emotional and physiological changes as well asposes extra demands on the body. Goodnutrition during pregnancy helps keep the mother and baby healthy.

In this phase the body needs extranutrition for the developing fetus, pregnant woman herself and the lactationperiod to follow. These nutritional demands have to be met for a healthy childand mother. The diet before andduring pregnancy should be rich in calories, proteins, vitamins and minerals. This need varies in thethree trimesters.

The diet during pregnancy should comprise offruit and vegetables, wholegrain breads and cereals, low-fat dairy foods andlean meats, chicken and fish (low in mercury), dried beans and lentils, and nuts and seeds.

A pregnant woman should avoid certain foods likeunpasteurized milk, raw or uncooked meat, poultry, fish and eggs, alcohol and caffeine.

It is always advisable to eat 5-6 small mealseach day, instead of 3 large ones. Avoid skipping meals as the baby needsregular sustenance, and the expectant mother also needs to keep up her energylevels. Having healthy snacks like salads, sandwiches, soups or fresh fruitsbetween meals is also a good idea.

The baby needs healthy foods packed with nutrients and not ‘empty calories’ such asthose found in soft drinks, candies and desserts.

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