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Radiation Therapy Increases Complication in Breast Cancer Patients

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  • Breast reconstruction is associated with increased quality of life and long-term satisfaction in breast cancer patients.
  • Radiotherapy increased complications and impaired patient-reported satisfaction with reconstructed breasts in breast cancer patients.

Radiation Therapy Increases Complication in Breast Cancer Patients

Most of the breast cancer patients who undergo mastectomy often opt for breast reconstruction. Some breast cancer patients undergo radiation therapy, which has an impact on the reconstruction efforts, as the therapy alters the tissue around the breast.

Women who have implant reconstruction following radiation therapy had more complications and were less satisfied with the procedure than women who had implants but no radiation, finds a new study.


Autologous Tissue Reconstruction

Autologous tissue reconstruction is an implant-based surgical procedure in which the patient's own tissue is used to reconstruct the breast. The common donor site for this implant is the abdominal tissue -Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous (TRAM) flap.

Effect of Radiation Therapy for Breast Reconstruction

Patients who received radiation followed by autologous reconstruction reported complications and satisfaction similar to women who had this reconstruction but did not undergo radiation therapy.

"Women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer face challenging decisions that will impact both their long-term disease control and quality of life. These findings have considerable significance for those who have decided to receive post-mastectomy radiotherapy and must select a type of reconstruction," says study author Reshma Jagsi, M.D., D.Phil., professor and deputy chair of radiation oncology at the University of Michigan Medical School.

The research team looked at breast cancer patients from 11 institutions who had received mastectomy and reconstruction. About 553 participants also had radiation and 1,461 did not.

The complications were assessed using a number of measures within one and two years of treatment. The patients reported satisfaction after the surgical procedure.

After 2 years follow-up, the researchers found that 39% of the patients receiving radiation and implants had at least one complication. About 26% patients receiving radiation and autologous reconstruction did experience complication. Among patients who did not have radiation, 22 percent had complications with implants and 28 percent had complications with autologous reconstruction.

Patients who received implants and radiation had significantly lower satisfaction than patients who had implants only. Patients who had autologous reconstruction reported similar satisfaction regardless of radiation treatment.

"Autologous reconstruction is a much more extensive procedure. But given the findings of this study, it may be preferable for some patients, particularly those worried about the impact of radiation on the outcomes of reconstruction," Jagsi says.

Growing evidence supports the benefits of post-mastectomy radiotherapy in appropriate patients. Reconstruction is associated with increased quality of life and long-term satisfaction. The best approach to integrating these two treatments has not been well-understood.

"It is critical to use these results to generate consensus about the optimal approaches to integrating radiation therapy and breast reconstruction so that women do not receive radically different recommendations based on where they happen to go for treatment," Jagsi says.

Source: Medindia

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