This medication is an atypical antipsychotic, prescribed for treating schizophrenia i.e. a disorder with includes symptoms like hearing, seeing or sensing things that are not real, mistaken beliefs and thoughts, and problems dealing with other people. It is also used to control the excited moods and depressed moods of bipolar disorder. It works by changing the activity of certain natural substances in the brain.
Contraindicated in patients with severe Central Nervous System depression, bone marrow suppression, coma, and hypersensitivity.
Adult- PO- Starting dose is 25 to 50 mg twice a day, may be increased to a maximum of 750 to 800 mg per day.
It comes as tablet to take by mouth 1 to 3 times/day, and extended-release tablet 1time/day, with or without food.
• It may increase in your blood sugar while you are taking this medication, even if you do not already have diabetes. Monitor sugar level, especially in diabetics, signs of clinical worsening, suicidality or unusual changes in behavior.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of seizures; neuroleptic malignant syndrome; involuntary movements, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• It may cause kidney or liver damage.
• Gradual withdrawal is recommended.
• It may make it harder for your body to cool down when it gets very hot. While taking this medication, you should avoid excessive exercise, stay inside as much as possible and dress lightly in hot weather, stay out of the sun, and drink plenty of fluids.
• It may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting when you get up too quickly from a lying position. Get up slowly from bed.
• Central Nervous System:
Headache, generalized weakness, Drowsiness, restlessness, Dizziness. Fatigue Tremor
Abnormal movements, suicidal tendencies.
• Gastrointestinal: Dry mouth, Constipation, Impaired digestion, abdominal pain.
• Metabolic: Weight Gain, elevations in serum transaminase level, increased appetite, Peripheral edema, increase in blood glucose.
• Heart: Increased heart rate, palpitations, postural and orthostatic hypotension.
• Eye and ENT: Nasal congestion, blurred vision.
• Skin: Sweating, skin rash, eruption.
• Respiratory: Upper respiratory tract infection, cough, difficult breathing.
• Blood: Reduction in white blood cells.
• Miscellaneous: Fever, decrease in thyroid hormone levels, flu syndrome, increase in blood cholesterol.
Do not change the dosage without consult with your doctor.
Oral: Store at 25°C. Store it in an airtight container and keep away from children.
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