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Midazolam - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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General Information on Midazolam

Generic Name : Midazolam
Pronunciation : med-ZOOL-ham
Latest prescription information about Midazolam. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y47.1 | Therapeutic Classification : Sedative-hypnotic Drugs
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Midazolam

India : 

More...

International : 

Versed
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Why is Midazolam Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a benzodiazepine, prescribed for preoperative sedation, anxiolysis and amnesia.  It works by slowing activity in the brain to allow relaxation and sleep.
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When should Midazolam not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with increased eye pressure, alcohol intoxication, who are taking protease inhibiter, and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Midazolam?

Preoperative- Adult- IM - The recommended dose is 0.07 to 0.08 mg/kg administered up to 1 hour before surgery.
IV- Initial: 1 to 2.5 mg given 5-10 minutes before procedure. Repeat after at least 2 mins if needed.

How should Midazolam be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or large muscle.

What are the warnings and precautions for Midazolam?

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of breathing problem (COPD); increased eye pressure, heart, liver, or kidney problems, porphyria, severe depression, drug dependence, alcoholism, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

Avoid alcohol consumption.

What are the side effects of Midazolam?

   Serious effects : Decreased tidal volume and respiration rate.
   Gastrointestinal : Nausea, increased appetite and vomiting.
   Central nervous System : Reduced alertness, confusion, emotion, hallucinations, fatigue, dizziness, incorodination, post-operative sedation and memory loss.
   Miscellaneous : Jaundice, irregular heartbeat, shock, headache and cough.

What are the other precautions for Midazolam?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Midazolam?

Store it at room temperature (25C).



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Comments

viv.., Singapore

do u send midazolam to singapore? what is the price?

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