This medication is a diuretic agent, prescribed for fluid retention in people with congestive heart failure, liver disease or kidney disorder. It helps the kidney to get rid of unwanted water from the body.
Contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity.
PO- The usual initial dose is 20 to 80 mg given as a single dose. Max: 600 mg/day.
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food. It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or muscle.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of diabetes, gout, kidney or liver disease, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• Avoid exposure to sunlight.
• Gastrointestinal : Liver impairment, jaundice, loss of appetite, elevated liver enzyme levels, inflammation of pancreas, stomach irritation, cramping, diarrhea, constipation, nausea and vomiting.
• Hypersensitivity : Severe anaphylactic (e.g. with shock) and inflammatory of blood vessels.
• Central Nervous System : Ringing in the ear, hearing loss, tingling, vertigo, dizziness, headache and blurred vision/visual defect.
• Blood : Anemia, decrease in platelets and white blood cells.
• Skin : Skin inflammation, redness, bruising, photosensitivity, hives, rash, itching, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and skin damage.
• Heart : Increase in cholesterol and low blood pressure.
• Miscellaneous : Increased sugar, muscle spasm, weakness, restlessness, urinary bladder spasm and fever.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it at room temperature (25°C) and in an airtight container.
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