This medication is a narcotic analgesic, prescribed for pain and cough. It is also used for diarrhea.
Adult: PO- Pain- 30-60 mg 4 hourly. Max: 240 mg/day.
Cough suppressant- 15-30 mg 3-4 times/day. Max: 240 mg/day.
Acute diarrhea- 30 mg 3-4 times/day.
IV/IM/SC- Pain- 30-60 mg 4 hourly. Max: 240 mg/day.
It comes as syrup to take by mouth, with or without food.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of head injury; brain tumor, epilepsy, mental illness; lung diseases, breathing problems, prostate enlargement, urinary problems, low blood pressure, Addisons disease, allergies, thyroid, pancreatic, intestinal, gallbladder, liver or kidney disease and during pregnancy and lactation.
Reduce dose in elderly or debilitated patients.
It may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication, and get up slowly from bed.
Avoid alcohol consumption while taking this medication.
Lightheadedness, dizziness, sedation, nausea, vomiting and sweating.
Central Nervous System: Elevated mood, anxiety, weakness, headache, sleeplessness, agitation, disorientation and visual disturbances.
Gastrointestinal: Dry mouth, loss of appetite, constipation and biliary tract spasm.
Heart: Flushing of the face, slow heart rate, palpitation and fainting.
Genitourinary: Urinary retention or hesitancy, absence of urination, reduced sexual activity and/or potency.
Allergic: Itching, hives, rash, swelling and rarely bleeding.
Take proper diet, otherwise it may lead to constipation.
Oral: Store it at controlled room temperature (15-30°C).
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