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Pre Eclampsia / Pregnancy Induced Hypertension / Toxemia

Last Updated on Sep 23, 2014
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Pre eclampsia (pronounced as "pre-ee-clamp see-ah"), which is also called toxemia, is when a pregnant woman develops high blood pressure and proteinuria during pregnancy.

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Pre-eclampsia is derived from a Greek word 'eklampsis' meaning ‘sudden flashing’.

Pre Eclampsia

Affecting at least 5 percent of all pregnancies, it is a complex condition characterized by high blood pressure, swelling in the limbs or face, and protein in the urine. Pre-eclampsia can prevent the placenta from getting enough blood. If the placenta does not get enough blood, the baby gets less essential nutrients. This can cause low birth weight and other problems for the baby.

Pre-eclampsia can be mild or severe, and progress slowly or rapidly. This condition mostly manifests after 37 weeks of pregnancy, but it can develop any time during the second half pregnancy i.e. after the 20th week. It can also show up during labor or after delivery.

The exact cause of pre-eclampsia is not known.

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The high blood pressure can affect the brain, kidneys, liver, and lungs. If the woman develops seizures or coma, the condition is known as eclampsia.

Pre-eclampsia can be diagnosed with the help of blood pressure readings taken at regular intervals and urine test for proteins.

Delivery by caesarean section is the most preferred treatment for pre-eclampsia, if the fetus has grown enough to survive outside the womb.

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Latest Publications and Research on Pre Eclampsia


Do you wish to consult an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist (OB/GYN) for your problem? Ask your question

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Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

papandreas

In the 2,000 years that preeclampsia has existed, never has there been a book to address the disease from a parents point of view - until now. A Mom and Dad's Guide to Preeclampsia is the 1st book of its kind to help expectant parents through their struggle with preeclampsia.

My name is David Papandreas and I conceived a Mom and Dad's Guide to Preeclampsia while my incredible wife and I found ourselves searching helplessly on the internet for what to expect. It was amazing that the websites only discussed the characteristics that define preeclampsia and offer no practical knowledge. Pregnant with our first child, we were scared not knowing what this meant and how we would react to the diagnosis.

Now, 9 months after our baby was born happy, healthy, and whole, we want to share our story and inspire the 400,000 pregnant ladies every year in the U.S. that develop preeclampsia. The book features useful tips, strategies and real stories to help others deal with the condition.

Canary11

My sister, two aunts, and two cousins all had eclampsia. My cousin died of it. Would it be best if I did not get pregnant, since I am probably at high risk?

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