It strikes men and women in equal numbers and affects about 1 in every 50 people.
Obsessions are involuntary and seemingly uncontrollable thoughts or impulses that occur repeatedly in one’s mind. Usually the affected person does not want to have these ideas but is unable to stop them. Such obsessive thoughts are often disturbing and distracting for the patient.
Compulsions are behaviors or rituals that one feels driven to perform again and again. Compulsions are usually performed in an attempt to make escape from obsessions. However, this never really happens and the obsessive thoughts usually come back stronger. This vicious cycle continues.
Obsessions and compulsions can be of various types. Some of which include-
► Checking things repeatedly.
► Excessive fear of contamination due to germs, thereby leading to repeated washing of hands to keep them clean.
► Repeated counting of things.
► Compulsive accumulation of things, which are of no use.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is treated with medications and cognitive behavioral therapy. If unchecked, Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) can lead to a very difficult family and work environment for the patient. It can also lead to severe mental depression.
Latest Publications and Research on Obsessive Compulsive DisorderA unique increase in prefrontal gray matter volume in hoarding disorder compared to obsessive-compulsive disorder. - Published by PubMed
Impaired Antisaccades in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Evidence From Meta-Analysis and a Large Empirical Study. - Published by PubMed
Beta-Blocker Propranolol Modulates Decision Urgency During Sequential Information Gathering. - Published by PubMed
Mood instability contributes to impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging in people with anxiety disorders. - Published by PubMed
Self-reported quantity, compulsiveness and motives of exercise in patients with eating disorders and healthy controls: differences and similarities. - Published by PubMed