Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by anxious unwanted thoughts or behavior, which the patient is unable to control.
It strikes men and women in equal numbers and affects about 1 in every 50 people.
Obsessions are involuntary and seemingly uncontrollable thoughts or impulses that occur repeatedly in one’s mind. Usually the affected person does not want to have these ideas but is unable to stop them. Such obsessive thoughts are often disturbing and distracting for the patient.
Compulsions are behaviors or rituals that one feels driven to perform again and again. Compulsions are usually performed in an attempt to make escape from obsessions. However, this never really happens and the obsessive thoughts usually come back stronger. This vicious cycle continues.
Obsessions and compulsions can be of various types. Some of which include-
- Checking things repeatedly.
- Excessive fear of contamination due to germs, thereby leading to repeated washing of hands to keep them clean.
- Repeated counting of things.
- Compulsive accumulation of things, which are of no use.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is treated with medications and cognitive behavioral therapy. If unchecked, Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) can lead to a very difficult family and work environment for the patient. It can also lead to severe mental depression.
Latest Publications and Research on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Co-occurring obsessive-compulsive disorder and autism spectrum disorder in young people: prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes. - Published by PubMed
- Modality-specific overlaps in brain structure and function in Obsessive-compulsive disorder: multimodal meta-analysis of case-control MRI studies. - Published by PubMed
- The Work and Social Adjustment Scale, Youth and Parent Versions: Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Measure of Functional Impairment in Young People. - Published by PubMed
- Trait Versus Task-Induced Emotional Reactivity and Distress Intolerance in Hoarding Disorder: Transdiagnostic Implications. - Published by PubMed
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in the Digital Age: Presidential Address. - Published by PubMed