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Escitalopram - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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Information about Escitalopram

Generic Name : Escitalopram
Pronunciation : es sye tal' oh pram
Latest prescription information about Escitalopram. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y49.2 | Therapeutic Classification : Psychotherapeutics
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Escitalopram

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Why is Escitalopram Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class, prescribed for major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, or panic disorder(significant behavioral change). It increases the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that helps maintain mental balance.  
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When should Escitalopram not be taken? (Contraindications)

Concomitant use with or within 2 weeks of MAOI (Monoamine oxidase inhibitors) withdrawal along with pimozide, hypersensitivity to escitalopram or citalopram.

What is the dosage of Escitalopram?

Oral- DepressionObsessive compulsive disorder(persistent obsessions or compulsions), AnxietyPanic disorder(significant behavioral change)- Adult: 10 mg once daily, increased if necessary. Max: 20 mg daily. Elderly: Half the adult dose. Liver impairment: Dosage adjustments may be required.

How should Escitalopram be taken?

It comes as a tablet and a solution (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Escitalopram?

• Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medication.

It may increase risk of suicidal thoughts or action in children, teenagers, and young adults. So closely watch patients who are taking this medication.

Escitalopram and a medicine called citalopram have the same active ingredient. Do not take Escitalopram if you are also taking citalopram.

Use this medication with caution in elderly; children, pregnancy and breast feeding patients.

Patient may develop with increased risk of Serotonin Syndrome with the following symptoms: restlessness, diarrhea, fast heart beat, incoordination, nausea, vomiting. If it is so consult with your healthcare provider.

What are the side effects of Escitalopram?

  Gastrointestinal: Nausea, diarrhea, increased appetite, taste disturbances.
  Central Nervous System: Sleeplessness, fatigue, drowsiness, unusual excitement, confusion.
  Heart: Fast or irregular heartbeat, postural hypotension.
  Genitourinary: Impotence, ejaculation disorder.
  Eye and ENT: Inflammation of the Para nasal sinuses, seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist (hallucinating).
  Miscellaneous: Increased sweating, weight gain, fever, and severe muscle stiffness.

What are the other precautions for Escitalopram?

Do not stop the medication suddenly; withdraw gradually.

What are the storage conditions for Escitalopram?

Oral: Store at 25C. Store it in air tight container and keep away from children.
Learn more about Escitalopram's interaction with Food, Herbs and Alcohol



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Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

bakku, India

O suddenly skip the szetalo 10 mg for a weak nd now I starts regularly from 10 days if any problem s occurs from this mistake

Harris11, India

I have taken 20 of these pills 2 days ago. I have been feeling very sleepy and I am constipated. I am yawning a lot and I was shaking violently when I first took the pills and also low sex drive. What do you recommend that I do? Am I at any serious risk?

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