About Careers MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Congestive Heart Failure (Congestive Cardiac Failure) Current Management

Last Updated on Dec 13, 2019
Font : A-A+

About

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart fails to work adequately as a pump that can deliver oxygen rich blood to the body.

Congestive heart failure

The heart is made up of four chambers: two atria and two ventricles. The ventricles make up the lower chambers of the heart. They pump blood during the contraction of the muscles. This event is called systole. After each ventricular contraction (systole) the ventricle muscles take some time to relax during which blood from the upper chambers (atria) fills them. This is the diastole.

A number of conditions cause diminished pumping ability of the ventricles. Heart attacks and infections (myocarditis) weaken the ventricular muscles leading to systolic dysfunction.

Advertisement

Congestive heart failure can be caused by:

  • Diseases in which the heart muscle weakens
  • Diseases in which the heart muscles stiffens
  • Conditions where oxygen demand by the body tissue is beyond the capacity of the heart (It is the heart that has to deliver adequate oxygen-rich blood)

Conditions like hemochromatosis (iron overload) or amyloidosis cause stiffening of heart muscles. The ventricles'' capacity to relax is impaired and this is termed diastolic dysfunction. Long standing high blood pressure leads to a hypertrophied (i.e. a thickened) heart.

Advertisement

In some patients the pumping action remains normal but the body requirements are much higher than what the heart can deliver. Conditions like anaemia or hyperthyroidism are often responsible for this.

In some individuals one or more of these factors can co-exist and may present as a congestive heart failure. Let us focus on the congestive heart failure that is due to heart muscle weakness, i.e. systolic dysfunction.

What is new in congestive heart failure?

1. Heart Failure and Cardiac Cell Death can be Brought to a Stop

Inhibition of OMA1 which activates heart stress could be targeted for the prevention of heart failure finds a new study. The elimination of OMA1 prevented heart failure demonstrating a direct role in the protection of cardiomyocytes (the muscle cells of the heart). This assures the scientists that OMA1 can be a promising target for the treatment of heart failure.

  1. Cecil Medicine, 23rd Ed.
  2. Harrison''s PRINCIPLES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 17TH Edition
  3. Amsterdam EA. Revised American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for the management of heart failure. Prev Cardiol. 2005 Fall;8(4):254, 256.
  4. Heart Failure Society Of America. Evaluation and management of patients with acute decompensated heart failure. J Card Fail. 2006 Feb;12(1):e86-e103. Review.

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Nithin Jayan. (2019, December 13). Congestive Heart Failure (Congestive Cardiac Failure) Current Management . Medindia. Retrieved on Dec 06, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/congestive-heart-failure.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Nithin Jayan. "Congestive Heart Failure (Congestive Cardiac Failure) Current Management ". Medindia. Dec 06, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/congestive-heart-failure.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Nithin Jayan. "Congestive Heart Failure (Congestive Cardiac Failure) Current Management ". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/congestive-heart-failure.htm. (accessed Dec 06, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Nithin Jayan. 2021. Congestive Heart Failure (Congestive Cardiac Failure) Current Management . Medindia, viewed Dec 06, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/congestive-heart-failure.htm.

Latest Publications and Research on Congestive Heart Failure


Do you wish to consult a Cardiologist for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Srinivasa Prasad
Dr. Srinivasa Prasad
MBBS, MD, DM Cardiology, Post DM Fellowship, FSCAI
21 years experience
Apoorva Superspeciality Medical Centre, Jayanagar, Bangalore
Dr. Paresh Patel
Dr. Paresh Patel
MBBS, DNB
8 years experience
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

syras

Congestive heart failure can affect many organs. For example: The weakened heart muscle may not be able to deliver enough blood to the kidneys, which in turn begin to lose their normal ability to excrete salt and water. This can cause decreased kidney function in the body to retain more fluid. The lungs can become clogged with fluid and the ability of the person to take down. The fluid can also accumulate in the liver, which hinders their ability to rid the body of toxins and produce essential proteins. The intestines can become less efficient in absorbing nutrients and drugs. The fluid can also accumulate in the extremities, causing swelling of the ankles and feet. http://www.insideheart.com

Advertisement
Recommended Reading
Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    Drugs for Congestive Heart Failure
    Digoxin
    Flosequinan
    What's New on Medindia
    World Disability Day 2022 - The Role of Innovative Transformation
    Diet and Oral Health: The Sugary Connection May Become Sour
    World AIDS Day 2022 - Equalize!
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    The Essence of Yoga Blood - Sugar Chart Vent Forte (Theophylline) Find a Hospital Daily Calorie Requirements Iron Intake Calculator How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Diaphragmatic Hernia Indian Medical Journals Drug - Food Interactions
    This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close