Information about Vancomycin
Generic Name : Vancomycin
Pronunciation : van-koe-MYE-sin
Latest prescription information about Vancomycin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y41.9
Therapeutic Classification : Miscellaneous Anti- Infectives
Trade Names/Brand Names of Vancomycin
Why is Vancomycin Prescribed? (Indications)
This medication is a glycopeptide antibiotic, prescribed for serious bacterial infections, endocarditis and surgical prophylaxis in major procedures. It kills sensitive bacteria.
When should Vancomycin not be taken? (Contraindications)
Hypersensitivity to the drug.
What is the dosage of Vancomycin?
Adult: IV- The recommended dose is 0.5-2 g/day in 3-4 divided doses for a period of 7-10 days. Dose may be reduced in kidney patients.
How should Vancomycin be taken?
It comes as a solution for injection, administered by healthcare provider, with or without food.
What are the warnings and precautions for Vancomycin?
• Patient may develop with Ototoxicity (damage to the ear), nephrotoxicity (kidney damage).
Caution needed for patients with history of kidney impairment, newborns, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Administer only by slow intra venous injection.
Change the injection site, to decrease vein inflammation.
Keep rate of infusion at less than or equal to 10 mg/min rate.
Monitor kidney and liver functions, serum concentration, blood counts and functioning of the ear regularly.
What are the side effects of Vancomycin?
• Most Common: Ear and kidney damage.
• Local: Severe allergic reactions including rash, hives, or itching.
• Gastrointestinal: Inflammation of intestine.
• Blood: Decrease in white blood cell and platelets.
• Miscellaneous: Fever, nausea, dizziness, chills, eosinophilia, low blood pressure, wheezing and difficulty in breathing.
What are the other precautions for Vancomycin?
Discontinue if patient develops tinnitus (ringing in the ear).
What are the storage conditions for Vancomycin?
Injection: Store at 15-30°C, far from heat and light.
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