This medication is a glycopeptide antibiotic, prescribed for serious bacterial infections, endocarditis and surgical prophylaxis in major procedures. It kills sensitive bacteria.
Hypersensitivity to the drug.
Adult: IV- The recommended dose is 0.5-2 g/day in 3-4 divided doses for a period of 7-10 days. Dose may be reduced in kidney patients.
It comes as a solution for injection, administered by healthcare provider, with or without food.
• Patient may develop with Ototoxicity (damage to the ear), nephrotoxicity (kidney damage).
• Caution needed for patients with history of kidney impairment, newborns, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• Administer only by slow intra venous injection.
• Change the injection site, to decrease vein inflammation.
• Keep rate of infusion at less than or equal to 10 mg/min rate.
• Monitor kidney and liver functions, serum concentration, blood counts and functioning of the ear regularly.
• Most Common: Ear and kidney damage.
• Local: Severe allergic reactions including rash, hives, or itching.
• Gastrointestinal: Inflammation of intestine.
• Blood: Decrease in white blood cell and platelets.
• Miscellaneous: Fever, nausea, dizziness, chills, eosinophilia, low blood pressure, wheezing and difficulty in breathing.
Discontinue if patient develops tinnitus (ringing in the ear).
Injection: Store at 15-30°C, far from heat and light.
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