This medication is a barbiturate, prescribed for insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). It is also used to relieve anxiety before surgery. It works by slowing activity in the brain.
Contraindicated in patients with porphyria, liver impairment, respiratory and hypersensitivity.
Adults - The recommended dose is:
As a hypnotic- 100 mg at bedtime.
Preoperatively- 200 to 300 mg 1 to 2 hours before surgery.
Pediatric Patients - Preoperatively- 2 to 6 mg/kg, with a maximum dosage of 100 mg.
It comes as a capsule to take by mouth, with or without food.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of alcohol abuse or dependence, depression, suicidal thoughts, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• It may cause drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
• Avoid alcohol consumption.
• Central Nervous System :
Drowsiness, agitation, confusion, restlessness, incorodination, CNS depression, nightmares, nervousness, psychiatric disturbance, hallucinations, sleeplessness, anxiety, dizziness and abnormality in thinking.
• Respiratory : Difficulty in breathing.
• Heart : Slow heart rate, low blood pressure and fainting.
• Gastrointestinal : Nausea, vomiting and constipation.
• Miscellaneous : Headache, injection site reactions, hypersensitivity reactions (shock, skin rashes, skin inflammation), fever and liver damage.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it at room temperature.