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Morphine - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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Information about Morphine

Generic Name : Morphine
Pronunciation : mor' feen
Latest prescription information about Morphine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y45 | Therapeutic Classification : Analgesics
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Morphine

India : 

International : 

Avinza, Kadian, MS Contin, Oramorph, Roxanol, Roxanol
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Why is Morphine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a narcotic analgesic, prescribed for severe acute and chronic pain. It is also used as a sedative.  It is dangerously addicting.

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When should Morphine not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with respiratory depression, paralytic ileus, and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Morphine?

Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 10 50mg.
IM/SC The recommended dose is 10 to 15mg.
IV- The recommended dose is 2 to 6mg.
Child: The recommended dose is 0.1 to 0.2mg/kg.

How should Morphine be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein, muscle or under the skin.

What are the warnings and precautions for Morphine?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart, liver or kidney disease, thyroid, stomach problems, enlarged prostate, trouble in urinating, Addison disease, hypoxia (not enough oxygen in your body), scoliosis (curvature of the spine), seizures, alcoholism, suicidal thoughts, mental problems, head injury, asthma or other respiratory disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery and get up slowly from bed while taking this medication.

Avoid alcohol consumption.

It may cause constipation, to avoid this problem take proper diet with fiber, plenty of water and other fluids.

Avoid long- term use of this medication; otherwise patient may get addicted to this drug.

Monitor liver, kidney, or lung function and complete blood cell counts regularly while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of Morphine?

   Most Common : Constipation, lightheadedness, dizziness, sedation, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, and emotion.
   Central Nervous System : Weakness, headache, agitation, tremor, uncoordinated muscle movements, seizures, mood changes, nervousness, apprehension, depression, floating feelings, abnormal visual disturbances and sleeplessness.
   Gastrointestinal: Dry mouth, loss of appetite, diarrhea, cramps, taste alteration, constipation, intestinal obstruction, indigestion and increased level of liver enzymes.
   Heart : Flushing of the face, chills, fast/slow heart rate, palpitations, faintness and low/high blood pressure.
   Genitourinary : Urine retention or hesitance, absence of urination and impotence.
   Skin : Itching, hives, rash, increased sweating.
   Other : Tingling, asthma and double vision.

What are the other precautions for Morphine?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Morphine?

Store it at room temperature (25C), in an airtight container and protect from light.


Schedule : X
Narcotic and Psychotropic drugs which cannot be sold without the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Learn more about Morphine's interaction with Alcohol



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Comments

etechmaster, United States

i THINK THE MORPHINE IMMEDIATE RELEASE IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN THE EXTENDED RELEASE.

savin47, United Kingdom

Referring to order a form of payment can be paid through PayPal? The cost of delivery dates, the delivery time I need FENTANIL [50-100] Mg.-100 pill; Pregabalin "LIRIKa" (150-500) Mg 100 capsules; MORPHINE MSContin (10-50) Mg 100 oxycodone tablets 100 tablets. Sincerely Stepan.

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