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Isosorbide - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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Information about Isosorbide

Generic Name : Isosorbide
Pronunciation : eye soe sor' bide
Latest prescription information about Isosorbide. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y52.3 | Therapeutic Classification : Antianginals

Trade Names/Brand Names of Isosorbide

India : 

International : 

Dilatrate-SR, Imdur, Ismo, Ismotic, Isoditrate, Isordil, Monoket

Why is Isosorbide Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a nitrate, prescribed for angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease. It works by relaxing the blood vessels in the body, allowing them to widen.

When should Isosorbide not be taken? (Contraindications)


What is the dosage of Isosorbide?

Adult- PO- The recommended dose regimen is 20 mg (one tablet) twice daily.

How should Isosorbide be taken?

It comes as a capsule and tablet to be placed under the tongue.

What are the warnings and precautions for Isosorbide?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of anemia, increased eye pressure, head injury, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

Avoid alcohol consumption.

What are the side effects of Isosorbide?

   Heart : Chest pain, abnormal heart rhythm, low blood pressure, palpitations, fast heart rate and fainting.
   Skin : Itching and rash.
   Gastrointestinal : Abdominal pain, diarrhea, indigestion, tooth disorder and vomiting.
   Genitourinary : Painful urination, impotence and increased urinary frequency.
   Musculoskeletal : Joint pain.
   Central Nervous System : Agitation, anxiety, confusion, incoordination, increased appetite, sleeplessness, nervousness and nightmares.
   Respiratory : Asthma and upper-respiratory tract infection.
   Miscellaneous : Weakness, blurred vision, cold sweats, double vision, uneasiness, neck stiffness and rigors.

What are the other precautions for Isosorbide?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Isosorbide?

Store it at room temperature, away from excess heat or cold.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

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