This medication is an ACE inhibitor, prescribed for high blood pressure. It prevents the formation of angiotensin II through that it decreases blood pressure.
Contraindicated in patients with narrowing of blood vessels, obstruction in blood flow, ascites, and hypersensitivity.
PO- Initial: 5 mg once daily. Maintenance: 10 mg/day. Max: 20 mg/day.
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, on an empty stomach.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of obstruction in large arteries, blood clot in blood vessels, idiopathic or hereditary angioedema, heart failure, dehydration, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Assess renal function before and during therapy; monitor for proteinuria. Regular WBC counts checking is recommended in SLE and scleroderma patients. Discontinue diuretics 2-3 days before starting therapy and resume later if required.
• Most Common :
Dizziness, headache, fatigue, tingling, impotence and sleep disturbances.
• Gastrointestinal : Mouth ulcers, inflammation of pancreas, and taste disturbances.
• Respiratory : Dry cough and other upper respiratory tract symptoms.
• Skin : Rash, angioedema, photosensitivity, hair loss and mood disturbances.
• Genitourinary : Kidney impairment, blood disorders and protein in urine.
• Heart : Chest pain, palpitations and fast heart rate.
• Musculoskeletal : Muscle cramps.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
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