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Haloperidol - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team
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General Information on Haloperidol

Generic Name : Haloperidol
Pronunciation : ha loe per' i dole
Latest prescription information about Haloperidol. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y49.5 | Therapeutic Classification : Psychotherapeutics
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Haloperidol

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Why is Haloperidol Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a tranquilizer, prescribed for schizophrenia. It may block certain chemicals in the brain.

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When should Haloperidol not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with coma, Parkinson’s disease, severe central nervous system depression and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Haloperidol?

Acute problems: IM/PO- The recommended dose is 1 mg to 5 mg (up to 10 mg) Maximum: 100 mg daily.
IV- The recommended dose is 5 to 10 mg as a single dose. Chronic conditions: 0.5 to 20 mg daily orally

How should Haloperidol be taken?

It comes as a tablet and concentrated liquid to take by mouth, with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Haloperidol?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of blood disease porphyria, decrease in white blood cells, electrolyte disturbances, high or low blood pressure, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, seizures, abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG), thyroid problems, neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), heart diseases, cancer, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

• Avoid alcohol consumption.

• It may cause drowsiness, dizziness or blurred vision, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

• Avoid exposure to sunlight; otherwise it may cause sunburn easily.

• Avoid becoming overheated; otherwise heatstroke may occur.

• Patient may develop with increased risk of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), involuntary movements with the following symptoms: fever, stiff muscles, confusion, abnormal thinking, fast or irregular heartbeat and sweating. If it is so consult with your doctor.

• Rarely it may cause prolonged or painful erection; if it is so consult with your doctor.

What are the side effects of Haloperidol?

   Heart : Fast heart rate and low/high blood pressure.
   Central Nervous System : Movement disorder, sleeplessness, restlessness, anxiety, elevated mood, agitation, drowsiness, depression, lethargy, headache, confusion, vertigo and seizures.
   Body as a Whole : Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).
   Blood : Anemia and decrease in white blood cells.
   Liver : Impaired liver function and/or jaundice.
   Skin : Pimples, photosensitivity and loss of hair.
   Genitourinary : Spontaneous milk secretion, breast engorgement, menstrual irregularities, breast enlargement in male, impotence, increased sexual drive and urinary retention.
   Gastrointestinal : Loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, increased salivation, indigestion, nausea, vomiting and dry mouth.
   Respiratory : Asthma.
   Eye : Visual disturbances.
   Metabolic : Increased sugar.

What are the other precautions for Haloperidol?

It may affect blood sugar; monitor blood sugar regularly while taking this medication.
Avoid contact with people who have infections.

What are the storage conditions for Haloperidol?

Store it at controlled room temperature (15°-30°C).


<>Schedule : HPrescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.



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Comments

chiledogo, United States

Can Haldol [Haloperidol] be purchased in BC Canada without a prescription?

khansurgeon, Saudi Arabia

i m surgeon.consultant,practicing in ksa. I have observed it also causes 2much depression ,ultimately causing suicidal tendency. can you inform me about data collecting regarding this problem

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