Information about Bromocriptine
Generic Name : Bromocriptine
Pronunciation : broe moe krip teen
Latest prescription information about Bromocriptine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y46.7
Therapeutic Classification : Antiparkinson Agents
Trade Names/Brand Names of Bromocriptine
Why is Bromocriptine Prescribed? (Indications)
This medication is a dopamine agonist, prescribed for Parkinsonís disease either alone or with other medications. It is also used for galactorrhoea (abnormal milk production), hypogonadism (reduced hormone production by sex hormones), infertility, suppressed lactation and menstrual disorders.
When should Bromocriptine not be taken? (Contraindications)
Contraindicated in patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure, severe ischemic heart disease, breast cancer, during pregnancy and lactation and hypersensitivity.
What is the dosage of Bromocriptine?
Adult: PO- Parkinson's disease - As adjunct to levodopa: 1st week: 1-1.25 mg at night, 2nd week: 2-2.5 mg at night; 3rd week: 2.5 mg twice daily; 4th week: 2.5 mg 3 times/day, then increase as needed. Maintenance: 10-40 mg/day.
Galactorrhoea; Hypogonadism; Infertility- 1-1.25 mg at bedtime, increase gradually. Max: 30 mg/day.
Adjunct to surgery and radiotherapy in patients with acromegaly Initial: 2.5 mg twice daily, increase slowly, up to 5 mg 6 hourly if needed.
Lactation suppression- 2.5 mg/day for 2-3 days, up to 2.5 mg twice daily for 14 days.
Prevention of puerperal lactation- 2.5 mg on the day of delivery, then 2.5 mg twice daily for 14 days.
Cyclical benign breast and menstrual disorders- 2.5 mg twice daily.
How should Bromocriptine be taken?
It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with food.
What are the warnings and precautions for Bromocriptine?
• It may cause drowsiness. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery while taking this medication.
ē Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart attack, slow/fast/irregular heartbeat, mental illness, low blood pressure, ulcer, stomach bleeding, Raynaud's syndrome, heart, kidney or liver disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications.
ē It may cause dizziness, nausea, sweating and fainting when you get up too quickly from a lying position; to avoid this problem get up slowly from bed.
ē Use proper contraception methods to prevent pregnancy while taking this medication.
ē It can decrease blood circulation in the fingers and toes, especially during exposure to cold. Keep hands and feet warm during cold weather.
What are the side effects of Bromocriptine?
• Gastrointestinal :
Nausea, vomiting, gastric hemorrhage, abdominal cramps, constipation and diarrhea.
• Central Nervous System :
Dizziness, headache, drowsiness, depression, postural hypotension, hallucinations, confusion and psychosis.
• Respiratory :
Nasal congestion and pleural effusion.
• Genitourinary :
Urinary frequency, urinary incontinence, urinary retention and increased Blood Urea Nitrogen.
What are the other precautions for Bromocriptine?
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Use proper contraception methods to prevent pregnancy while taking this medication.
What are the storage conditions for Bromocriptine?
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed and out of the reach of children.
Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.