Azathioprine - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions


Information about Azathioprine

Generic Name : Azathioprine
Up-to-date prescription details regarding Azathioprine are provided here.

Understand it's uses, recommended dosages, its indications, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its and its storage instructions.
You will also find a list of the medication's International and Indian brand or trade names, as well as its pricing information. For verification of the information presented on this page or for additional clarifications, it's advisable to consult your doctor.

ICD Code : Y45.4 Therapeutic Classification : Antirheumatics

Trade Names/Brand Names of Azathioprine

India :

International :

Azasan and Imuran

Why is Azathioprine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an immunosuppressant, prescribed for prevention of rejection kidney transplantation. It is also used for rheumatoid arthritis and autoimmune diseases.

When should Azathioprine not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity, previous treatment with alkylating agents, pregnancy and breastfeeding.

What is the dosage of Azathioprine?

Adult: PO- Rheumatoid arthritis Initial: 1 mg/kg/day for 6-8 wk. May adjust dose gradually to 2.5 mg/kg/day if needed.
Prevention of rejection in organ and tissue transplantation -1-5 mg/kg/day.
Auto-immune diseases -1-3 mg/kg/day.
IV -Renal homotransplantation- Usual initial: 3-5 mg/kg/day beginning at the time of transplantation. Maintenance: 1-3 mg/kg/day.

How should Azathioprine be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Azathioprine?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver problems, gout, any infection, anemia, bone marrow depression, any allergy, who are taking other medications and children.

• Avoid contact with people with infections.

• It may reduce platelet counts; avoid injury or bruising.

• Patient may experience severe nausea and vomiting; if it so consult with your doctor.

• Patient may develop with increased risk of cancer; if you notice any unusual growth or tumor consult with your doctor immediately.

What are the side effects of Azathioprine?

Blood - Decreased white blood cells and platelets.
Gastrointestinal - Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Miscellaneous - Rash, hair loss, fever, joint pain, diarrhea, negative nitrogen balance and reversible interstitial lung inflammation.

What are the other precautions for Azathioprine?

Monitor complete blood counts, liver function, and TPMT enzyme activity, while taking this medication.
Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Azathioprine?

Store it at room temperature and in an airtight container, keep away from children.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

Azathioprine: Immunosuppressant For Kidney Transplant Rejection and to Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis

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