Adenosine is used as an antiarrhythmic agent prescribed to treat specific conditions of irregular heartbeat and also used while performing a stress test of the heart.
Contraindicated in patients with second-or third-degree AV block, slow heartbeat, and hypersensitivity.
Adult- IV- Initial dose: 6 mg given as a rapid intravenous bolus (administered over a 1-2 second period).
Repeat Administration: If first dose does not work,
12 mg should be given as a rapid intravenous bolus. This 12 mg dose may be repeated a second time if required.
Child- Initial dose: Give 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg as a rapid IV bolus. It may be increased upto 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg if needed.
It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of lung or breathing problems, gout, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
• It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
• Avoid drinking large amount of caffeinated beverages.
• Heart :
Facial flushing, temporary rash on the chest, headache, sweating, palpitations, chest pain and low blood pressure.
• Respiratory : Shortness of breath, chest pressure, fast breathing, coughing and head pressure.
• Central Nervous System : Lightheadedness, dizziness, tingling in arms, numbness, apprehension, blurred vision, burning sensation, heaviness in arms, neck and back pain.
• Gastrointestinal : Nausea, diaphoresis, metallic taste, tightness in throat and pressure in groin.
Monitor electrocardiogram (ECG) regularly while taking this medication.
Store it at controlled room temperature (15º-30ºC), and in an airtight container.
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