Adenosine is used as an antiarrhythmic agent prescribed to treat specific conditions of irregular heartbeat and also used while performing a stress test of the heart.
Contraindicated in patients with second-or third-degree AV block, slow heartbeat, and hypersensitivity.
Adult- IV- Initial dose: 6 mg given as a rapid intravenous bolus (administered over a 1-2 second period). Repeat Administration: If first dose does not work, 12 mg should be given as a rapid intravenous bolus. This 12 mg dose may be repeated a second time if required.
Child- Initial dose: Give 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg as a rapid IV bolus. It may be increased up to 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg if needed.
It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of lung or breathing problems, gout, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid drinking large amount of caffeinated beverages.
Heart : Facial flushing, temporary rash on the chest, headache, sweating, palpitations, chest pain and low blood pressure.
Respiratory : Shortness of breath, chest pressure, fast breathing, coughing and head pressure.
Central Nervous System : Lightheadedness, dizziness, tingling in arms, numbness, apprehension, blurred vision, burning sensation, heaviness in arms, neck and back pain.
Gastrointestinal : Nausea, diaphoresis, metallic taste, tightness in throat and pressure in groin.
Monitor electrocardiogram (ECG) regularly while taking this medication.
Store it at controlled room temperature (15º-30ºC), and in an airtight container.
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