Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by a virus belonging to a group called Nairovirus. The virus infects wild as well as domestic animals like sheep and cattle through tick bites. Humans are infected when they come in direct contact with blood or tissues from infected animals or bites of infected ticks. Crushing of infected tick could also result in infection. Infection may rarely occur if people breathe in the virus passed out in the infected animalís excreta. Thus, people who work in close contact with livestock such as those working in agriculture, slaughterhouses and veterinary hospitals are at a higher risk of acquiring the disease.
Once a human is affected, the infection spreads to other people if they come in contact with the patientís infected blood or body fluids. Infection could also spread in hospitals during injections and surgical procedures. Hospital staff that treat patients with CCHF are at a higher risk for developing the infection.
A person cannot be infected by eating well-cooked infected meat since the virus does not survive cooking.
CCHF is diagnosed using tests like ELISA, isolation of the virus, antigen detection, and polymerase chain reaction. The patient is treated with intravenous fluids and an antiviral drug ribavarin.
Adequate precautions should be taken to avoid being infected in epidemics. People exposed to domestic animals or those undergoing activities like hiking should wear protective gear to avoid tick bites. Hospital staff should also take adequate precautions while treating patients with the disease. Ribavarin may be administered to people coming in close contact with patients.
Latest Publications and Research on Congo FeverDevelopment and evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for detection of Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Sudan. - Published by PubMed
Public Health and Vector-Borne Diseases - A New Concept for Risk Governance. - Published by PubMed
Temporal modeling of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in eastern Iran. - Published by PubMed
The impact of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus on public health. - Published by PubMed
Some acute phase reactants and cholesterol levels in serum of patient with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever. - Published by PubMed