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Ciprofloxacin - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

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Information about Ciprofloxacin

Generic Name : Ciprofloxacin
Pronunciation : sip roe flox' a sin
Latest prescription information about Ciprofloxacin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y41.8 | Therapeutic Classification : Anti- Infectives

Trade Names/Brand Names of Ciprofloxacin

India : 


International : 

Cipro, XR Proquin, XR Baycip, Ciloxan, Ciflox, Cipro, Cipro XR, Cipro XL, Ciproxin, Prociflor

Why is Ciprofloxacin Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, prescribed for certain types of bacterial infections such as pneumonia, urinary tract, skin, bones and joint infections. It is also used to treat gastrointestinal infections. 

When should Ciprofloxacin not be taken? (Contraindications)

Avoid administration with tizanidine, and in patients with hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Ciprofloxacin?

Adult- Oral- The recommended dose range is 250 to 750mg/day in divided doses.

How should Ciprofloxacin be taken?

It comes as a tablet, capsule and syrup to take by mouth. It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein. It also comes as eye/ear drops to instill over the affected eyes.

What are the warnings and precautions for Ciprofloxacin?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of stomach infection, liver problems, brain or nervous system problems, increased pressure in the brain, rregular heartbeat, Alzheimer disease, blood vessel problems, muscle problems (eg, myasthenia gravis), history of seizures, heart, kidney or lung transplants, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breast feeding.

• It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

• Take full course of treatment.

• Avoid alcohol consumption.

• It may affect blood sugar level, monitor sugar level regularly.

• Avoid exposure to sunlight.

Patient may develop with increased risk of Tendinopathy and Tendon Rupture, hepatotoxicity, suicidal thoughts, and Peripheral Neuropathy.

What are the side effects of Ciprofloxacin?

   Most Frequent : Nausea, diarrhea, abnormal liver function tests, vomiting and rash.
   Body as a Whole : Headache, abdominal pain or discomfort, foot pain, pain in the extremities and injection site reaction.
   Cardiovascular : Palpitations, fainting, high or low blood pressure, chest pain, heart attack, fast heart rate and inflammation of vein.
   Central Nervous System : Restlessness, dizziness, lightheadedness, sleeplessness, nightmares, hallucinations, manic reaction, irritability, tremor, incoordination, seizures, lethargy, drowsiness, weakness, uneasiness, loss of appetite, phobia, depersonalization, depression, tingling, abnormal gait, convulsion,paranoia and toxic psychosis.
   Gastrointestinal : Throat pain, mouth infection, difficulty in swallowing, intestinal perforation, gastrointestinal bleeding, jaundice and liver inflammation.
   Blood : Swollen glands.
   Musculoskeletal : Join or back pain, joint stiffness and neck or chest pain.
   Genitourinary : Kidney inflammation/failure, urinary retention, urethral bleeding, vaginal inflammation and breast pain.
   Respiratory : Difficulty in breathing, nosebleed, throat pain, cough, asthma and lung swelling.
   Skin : Allergic reactions, itching, hives, photosensitivity, flushing, fever, chills, swelling of the face, neck, lips, eye or hands, pigmentation, redness of the skin and increased sweating.
   Eye and ENT : Blurred vision, disturbed vision, decreased visual acuity, double vision, eye pain, ringing in the ear, hearing loss and bad taste.

What are the other precautions for Ciprofloxacin?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Ciprofloxacin?

Store ciprofloxacin in the container it came in at room temperature. Keep it out of the reach of children.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Learn more about Ciprofloxacin's interaction with Food, Herbs, Alcohol and Caffeine

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Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.


Willyboy, Australia

I used the ear drops and have been suffering for more than 9 months .Shoulders and neck pain unbearable, insomnia, rashes, etc, Bill in Australia

Thislife, India

I took it for two months without noticeable side effect

Rani, India

I need to order Cipro 500mg online in India, where can I order it from? thanks.

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