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Tick Bite - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

Last Updated on Dec 12, 2012
View in Hindi
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Overview

  • Ticks are small, insect-like creatures 
  • They may be small or as large as the size of an eraser 
  • They are usually found in the fields and woods 
  • They attach themselves to humans/ pets /other animals 
  • Once on the body, they move to other warm, moist areas 
  • Favorite haunts include hair, armpit and groin 
  • Once firmly attached to the body, they begin to suck blood 
  • They can cause harmless or harmful conditions
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Symptoms

  • Rashes, redness, itching 
  • Swelling at the site 
  • Muscle/joint pain 
  • Inflammation of the joints 
  • Swollen lymph node 
  • Flu-like symptoms 
  • Fever 

Symptoms that need emergency treatment--

  • Severe headache
  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Paralysis
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Treatment

  • Remove the tick carefully by holding head, using a tweezer, 
  • Remove the whole tick 
  • Do not crush the tick 
  • Put the tick into a bottle and seal 
  • This is to provide your doctor with information 
  • Use soap and water to wash the affected area 
  • Wash your hands thoroughly 
  • Seek medical help if you are unable to remove the tick 
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Prevention

  • When walking in woods or tall grass wear clothes and shoes that cover you fully 
  • Keep the shirt tucked into pants 
  • Pull socks over the pants to cover feet well 
  • Wear light-colored clothes to spot ticks easily 
  • Spray insect repellents on your clothes 
  • While outside, check your clothes frequently for ticks 
  • On your return home, inspect yourself thoroughly for ticks 
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