Written by Dr. Vivek | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on May 04, 2016

General Information aboutTracheostomy

Tracheostomy (Tray-kee-AH-stuh-mee) is a surgical opening in the trachea (windpipe) that forms a temporary or permanent opening to make breathing easier.


The terms "tracheotomy" and "tracheostomy" are used interchangeably
The opening is called a stoma.

A tracheotomy tube is inserted in the opening to keep it open.


Emergency tracheostomy is performed as a lifesaving procedure
History:

► Tracheostomy in early days was considered slashing of the neck to save a life.

► Even though tracheostomy procedure existed right from the Rig Vedas it was

► In 1718 that Lorenz Heister coined the term tracheotomy

► In 1921 Chevalier Jackson described the indications and techniques for modern tracheostomy.

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