General Info About Torticollis
The word 'torticollis' comes from the Latin word ‘tortus’ meaning ‘twisted’ and collum meaning ‘neck’.
Torticollis affects people of all ages, mainly between 30-60 years of age. In torticollis there is flexion, extension or twisting of the neck muscles beyond their normal position.
The exact cause of torticollis is not known. Torticollis can develop slowly in a person with a family history of the disorder (spasmodic torticollis). Torticollis can also develop due to injury or in some cases as a side effect to certain medications.
Females are affected more than males. Stress and emotion can exacerbate the deformity.
Types of Torticollis
► Congenital torticollis (inherited)- This type of neck deformity is present at birth and is due to changes in the genes.
► Acquired torticollis (acute) - This type of neck deformity can occur overnight. It occurs due to damage to the nervous system, upper spine, or muscles. It usually lasts for few days and subsides with rest and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
The treatment of torticollis is targeted to relax the contracted neck muscles involved. Treatment might involve medications, physiotherapy, botulinum toxin injections or surgery. Timely treatment is extremely crucial, else the condition becomes permanent.
Latest Publications and Research on TorticollisTitle of the article: Is craniofacial asymmetry progressive in untreated congenital muscular torticollis? - Published by PubMed
Migraine and childhood periodic syndromes in children and adolescents. - Published by PubMed
Unilateral Pallidal Deep Brain Stimulation in a Patient with Dystonia Secondary to Episodic Ataxia Type 2. - Published by PubMed
The utility of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of hip joint in congenital muscular torticollis. - Published by PubMed
Occurrence of congenital disorders in Swiss sheep. - Published by PubMed