Hiatus Hernia - Glossary

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Dr. Lakshmi Venkataraman
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Lakshmi Venkataraman, MD
Last Updated on Nov 25, 2016
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Glossary

Abdomen: The part of the body that contains the pancreas, stomach, intestines,liver, gallbladder, and other organs.

Acid Reflux: Adisorder in which acid in the stomach comes up into the oesophagus, because thevalve separating the stomach and oesophagus does not function properly.

Anemia: A condition in which the number of red blood cells is below normal.

Antacid: Neutralizes acid. In medicalterms, the neutralized acid is located in the stomach, oesophagus or first partof the duodenum.

Congenital: Present at birth.

Diaphragm: The sheet of muscle used in breathing that separates the chest from theabdomen.

Esophagus: The muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to thestomach.

Gastroscopy: Passing a tube with a camera on the end into the stomach.

Heartburn: Pain due to regurgitation (reflux) of juices from the stomach into the oesophagus; pyrosis.

Hernia: Also called rupture,"hernia" is a general term referring to a protrusion of a tissuethrough the wall of the cavity in which it is normally contained.

Hiatal hernia: A type of hernia in which the stomach bulges up into thechest cavity through an opening in the diaphragm.

Laparoscopy: Examination of theperitoneum through a lighted instrument.

Peritoneum: Membrane lining theabdominal cavity.

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hiatushernia is uncurable what are the precaution we need to take and please tell me is it is dangerous?

can exercising like push-ups or sit-ups cause or hernia or if somebody has already contracted hernia then will it be aggravated due push-ups or sit-ups or pull-ups

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is haitus hernia a congenital condition ? If not then what is the cause of it

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