About Bacterial Vaginosis
► Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge among women of childbearing age.
► Though the cause of this condition is not clear, it is thought to occur when there is a disturbance in the growth of the normal vaginal bacterial flora resulting in replacement of normal 'good bacteria' by 'harmful bacteria'.
► Normally the 'good bacteria' is called "Lactobacilli".
► These in vaginosis is replaced by a variety of bacteria like
1. Gardnerella vaginalis
2. Bacteroides, Mobiluncus
3. Mycoplasma hominis
► Infection can spread from the rectum lining to colic lining into vagina.
► These harmful organisms produce amines (poly & trimethyl) that are responsible for the fishy smell.
► This condition is called vaginosis rather than vaginitis as there is no vaginal inflammation.
1. The vaginal pH is raised (from 4.5 to levels above 6-7)
► As it is not a sexually transmitted infection there is no benefit from treating the male partners.
Latest Publications and Research on VaginosisCounting the Countless: Bacterial Quantification by Targeting rRNA Molecules to Explore the Human Gut Microbiota in Health and Disease. - Published by PubMed
'Helcococcus massiliensis' sp. nov., a new bacterial species isolated from the vaginal sample of a woman with bacterial vaginosis living in Dielmo, Senegal. - Published by PubMed
Human Papillomavirus Genotypes From Vaginal and Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia in Females 15-26 Years of Age. - Published by PubMed