About Bacterial Vaginosis
► Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge among women of childbearing age.
► Though the cause of this condition is not clear, it is thought to occur when there is a disturbance in the growth of the normal vaginal bacterial flora resulting in replacement of normal 'good bacteria' by 'harmful bacteria'.
► Normally the 'good bacteria' is called "Lactobacilli".
► These in vaginosis is replaced by a variety of bacteria like
1. Gardnerella vaginalis
2. Bacteroides, Mobiluncus
3. Mycoplasma hominis
► Infection can spread from the rectum lining to colic lining into vagina.
► These harmful organisms produce amines (poly & trimethyl) that are responsible for the fishy smell.
► This condition is called vaginosis rather than vaginitis as there is no vaginal inflammation.
1. The vaginal pH is raised (from 4.5 to levels above 6-7)
► As it is not a sexually transmitted infection there is no benefit from treating the male partners.
Latest Publications and Research on VaginosisComposition of the vaginal microbiota in women of reproductive age - sensitive and specific molecular diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is possible? - Published by PubMed
The Patterns and Criteria of Vaginal Douching and the Risk of Preterm Labor Among Upper Egypt Women. - Published by PubMed
Risks associated with bacterial vaginosis in infertility patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. - Published by PubMed
Association between maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and pregnancy and neonatal outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. - Published by PubMed
Efficacy of methods used for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis. - Published by PubMed