Young men who have sex with men (YMSM), particularly racial/ethnic
minorities and youth living in socioeconomically disadvantaged
communities, are disproportionately affected by the human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in the United States.
multilevel studies for evidence of how geospatial indicators are
associated with HIV prevention and care outcomes for this population, a
new study proposes strategies to intensify prevention efforts in
communities where HIV is heavily concentrated.
‘How geospatial indicators are associated with HIV prevention and care outcomes in young men who have sex with men (YMSM) has been examined by a new study.’
By synthesizing how the demographic, physical and social contexts
where individuals interact correlate to behavioral and biological HIV
risk, the researchers identified a range of geospatial vulnerabilities
that contribute to HIV disparities among YMSM across 17 different
studies published since 2010.
Their findings, "Geospatial Indicators of
Space and Place: A Review of Multilevel Studies of HIV Prevention and
Care Outcomes Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United
States," have been published in The Journal of Sex Research
The study aligns with the vision of the National HIV/AIDS Prevention
Strategy's call for policy and community efforts to strengthen
accessibility to, and quality of, HIV prevention and care resources for
YMSM. It proposes new areas of inquiry and informs the design of future
multilevel interventions for this population.
"Our findings highlight the importance of understanding how
structural factors shape access to high-quality HIV prevention and care
services and contribute to HIV disparities across geographic areas,"
says University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing's José A.
Bauermeister, Presidential Associate Professor of Nursing, who
led the study. Bauermeister also is director of the Program in
Sexuality, Technology and Action Research (PSTAR).