A positive association
between job insecurity and modest increased risk of new onset diabetes has been
of job' is considered more detrimental to health than unemployment.
health consequences, both physical and psychological, of job insecurities
are evident through self-reported health symptoms.
studies have established a strong link between job insecurity and increase
in body mass index (BMI).
and all these other factors from such insecurity can lead to diabetes.
meta-analysis of individual level data on job insecurity that included many
workers from different countries.
insecurity there is a lack of assurance of job stability among the employees.
Due to globalization and increased competition, in the last decade, many
companies have been forced to introduce a number of temporary
contracts, zero-hours contracts and other forms of flexible employment.
This has increased job insecurity especially
in high-income countries.
‘The company policies should be aimed at reducing the employees exposure to job insecurity and the healthcare personnel should be cognizant of the fact that people exposed to insecurities at workplace maybe at increased risk of developing diabetes.’
The health consequences,
both physical and psychological, of job insecurities are evident through
self-reported health symptoms.
Individuals with job
insecurity experience high levels of stress, anxiety, depression and negative
It lowers the
level of positive feelings towards job and organization, reduces productivity
and increases costs.
insecurity levels are high among the following groups:
who have lower levels of education in comparison to individuals with
higher education or those who occupy high profiles at work.
who take up temporary contracts, compared to men,
in the middle age group between 30 and 50, due to higher sense of
among single individuals compared to those who are married.
The prevalence of diabetes
increased steadily over recent decades, mostly owing to rising rates of obesity
and aging populations. But
there have been no published studies linking the association of job insecurity
strong association between job insecurity and increase in body
mass index (BMI)
has been previously established which again is a
strong risk factor for diabetes. In addition there is also
with this weight gain.
Another meta-analysis of individual data
for 170 000 workers showed an association between job insecurity and clinically
verified incident of coronary events.
the current study published in the CMAJ
, men and women from
cohort studies, who were employed and free of diabetes at baseline were
included. Their complete data on their job insecurity levels was also obtained.
team led by Dr. Jane
E.Ferrie, used meta-analysis of individual participant data from 19 studies involving 140,825
participants from United States, Europe and Australia.
who had prevalent diabetes at baseline were excluded. Diabetes at baseline was
measured from hospital records, baseline glucose tolerance test and through
the 8 studies from open-access data sets which included a
total of 44,770 working women and men with data on age, sex, socioeconomic
status, job insecurity and diabetes,
questions were asked about the level of insecurity in a person's current job or
about satisfaction with job security.
In the remaining11 studies which included a
further 96,055 working women and men with suitable data, questions about the
level of insecurity in the person's current job or about fear of layoff or
the 19 cohort studies, job insecurity was measured at baseline and the primary
outcome was to study the occurrence of new onset diabetes over a follow up
period. Overall, 3954 new onset diabetes occurred over a mean
follow-up of 9.4
years. Among the workers who reported high-level of job insecurity, this
indicates a 19% increase in the chance for new onset diabetes.
of the Study
data used included 19 well-characterized prospective cohort studies from
Australia, Unites States and several European countries. As a result these
findings are more likely applicable to high-income countries.
the data was adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status and obesity, data on
other factors like anxiety and weight-gain were not available during the
with Job Insecurity
person cannot change the insecurity that comes with jobs, but they can
definitely change the way in which they react to it.
new skills - It is always better to volunteer
for any new programs or courses. It will increase your chances at securing
your networking -
It is always better to build connections with people and organizations so
that it can be useful when it is needed.
people might even enjoy the process of networking as it can be an
opportunity to meet like-minded people who can understand the pressures
faced at work.
up for a rainy day -
Managing your money and saving up will help with financially security.
your health - Many
people tend to work extra hours for the fear of losing their jobs. In the
process, they often forget to look after their health by skipping meals
and indulging in habits like drinking and smoking which can be detrimental
to both physical and mental health.
healthy mind and body it is important for you to prioritize your health
instead and eat regular healthy meals, exercise and get adequate sleep.
importance to mental health - Some people tend to be obsessive
with their thoughts and hence are at higher risk of developing anxiety,
depression and other mental
conditions. Such individuals should seek professional help.
down your worries -
Rather than drowning in a whirlwind of unrealistic worries and anxiety, it
is always better to write down the thoughts. This gives a clearer picture
of the situation.
the situation - Accepting the situation helps you
mentally prepare for the next step life has to offer.
to inspire yourself daily - Reading about or listening to
things that take the mind away from the negative thoughts will help to
distract and make you feel better.
- Job insecurity and health: A study of 16 European countries - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2845821/)
- Top tips on coping with job insecurity - (https://www.caba.org.uk/help-and-guides/information/top-tips-coping-job-insecurity-0)